Op-ed length essays on a fairer globalization. We welcome submissions.
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Prahlad Shekhawat 11/25/13
Only a multidimensional approach can determine who is poor, how they are poor, and which deprivations they experience simultaneously. Indian policymakers need these details.
Harris Gleckman 11/15/13
Multi-stakeholder consultations have gained support as a framework for solving global problems, but are they a legitimate stand-in for the multilateral system?
Raji Ajwani-Ramchandani 11/15/13
India may become the first country to enact compulsory spending on corporate social responsibility, but is it taking the right approach?
Project Syndicate 11/06/13
The inconsistencies between climate goals and energy policies are stark. Eliminating fossil-fuel subsidies would be one step in the right direction.
Project Syndicate 10/29/13
Our fight to eradicate the world's deadliest diseases hinges on a handful of world leaders providing aid for major public health projects.
Institute for Economics and Peace 10/01/13
The global economic impact of violence in 2012 was estimated to be $9.5 trillion. Governments need a way to account for and recuperate these unproductive expenditures.
Blair Glencorse 09/05/13
To give Liberia a better chance at cementing peace, those who care about the country's future should focus their thinking on the core elements of accountability.
Raji Ajwani-Ramchandani 08/20/13
This poem was written to convey the imperative of sustainability. As geographical lines blur due to trade and markets, so can ethics.
Creative Time 07/10/13
Perhaps some social alchemy is needed to heal relations along the U.S.-Mexico border.
Harris Gleckman 06/18/13
The United Nations faces further erosion of authority if the World Economic Forum gets its way on global governance.
Devin T. Stewart
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 06/05/13
Great excitement surrounds Myanmar's future development, but several social obstacles threaten to derail its nascent democratization.
Seth Kaplan 06/03/13
The World Bank's research on Doing Business fails to focus on the obstacles that matter most to entrepreneurs in emerging markets.
Robert O'Brien, Shiran Shen 05/28/13
By focusing on the ethical underpinnings of cybersecurity, the United States and China can chart a path for addressing bilateral disputes.
Project Syndicate 05/02/13
The BRICs are financing infrastructure and sustainable development at home and in other developing countries.
Creative Time 04/19/13
Art bears a unique responsibility in the search for truth, writes Ai Weiwei as he prepares a budding Chinese civil society to imagine change.
Seth Kaplan 04/09/13
Fragile states that do not first forge a social covenant will later find it difficult to codify justice in a social contract.
Worldwatch Institute 04/01/13
Rather than engaging in trade disputes, the United States should establish its own solar capacity targets to stimulate additional demand for solar equipment.
Harris Gleckman 03/22/13
The World Economic Forum is advocating a move toward coalitions of the willing and able for solving global problems. Will it work?
Project Syndicate 02/28/13
NASA needs a compelling mission that is relevant to current global affairs. Obama should apply NASA expertise to questions of geoengineering.
Josh Lasky 02/06/13
The ease with which sustainability rolls off the tongue these days far surpasses our understanding of it or our implementation. A few changes in attitude could be helpful.
Devin T. Stewart 01/03/13
Between territorial disputes, cultural incoherence, and divided views on the role of the state, don't expect an Asian Century to start anytime soon, says Devin T. Stewart.
Project Syndicate 12/10/12
Is humanity running out of ideas, or just easy access to credit? Kenneth Rogoff critiques Garry Kasparov on whether technology has stagnated.
Center for Global Development 12/06/12
We wouldn't send salads as food relief to a starving country, so why is the Overseas Private Investment Corporation doing the equivalent in the energy sector?
James Farrer 11/20/12
The United States can be effective in its pivot toward Asia by using its influence to help resolve territorial disputes and defuse the rightward lurch in China and Japan.
Eric Zencey 11/01/12
This election gives us a choice between two clearly different paths. Will we take the first halting steps toward developing a sustainable civilization, or will we stay the course with infinite-planet economics?
Shin-pei Tsay 10/09/12
As geographies of innovation and sites of citizen power, cities have become the critical link in global efforts to deal with climate change.
Christian Barry, Jonathan Simon 10/01/12
Asylum seekers who come to Australia by boat have been accused of jumping the queue in the immigration process, but are they really gaining an unfair advantage?
Project Syndicate 09/27/12
Swedish pensions. Canadian health care. Costa Rican happiness. American science. By opening our eyes to policy successes abroad, we would speed the path to national improvement in countries around the world.
Project Syndicate 09/10/12
The successor program to the Millennium Development Goals should emphasize policies beyond aid and trade that might have a greater impact on development in poor countries.
Seth Kaplan 08/29/12
The hyper-quantification of economics has encouraged an erroneous belief that politics and institutions do not matter. To fix this we must create a separate academic profession focused on political development, and the politics of development.
Seth Kaplan 07/27/12
In least developed countries, language policy should aim to increase education, productivity, and cohesion, yet many countries have policies that work against these aims.
Project Syndicate 07/06/12
These were not just political revolutions. They were also revolutions of ideas, the globalization of protest as a strategy. Where the movements' gains are uncertain, the connectivity that they created is likely to endure.
Geoffrey Cain 06/28/12
Consent of the Network by Rebecca MacKinnon is a must-read on how businesses and governments wield influence over the Internet.
A leaked version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement reveals that the United States continues to buck a broad consensus in favor of allowing members to regulate global finance.
Project Syndicate 06/12/12
Sustainability at local and national levels must add up to global sustainability. This idea must form the bedrock of national economies and constitute the fabric of our societies.
Leif Wenar 06/01/12
Mixing the principles of causality, vulnerability, and ability to pay into the negotiations over climate change adaptation is unnecessarily complicated. There are moral and political reasons to opt for a simpler approach.
Seth Kaplan 05/09/12
Many in the development field think that reducing inequality in poor countries should be a high priority, but this reflects a misunderstanding of the problems poor people face in fragile states, and the steps that would help them.
Project Syndicate 05/08/12
There is no example of a large economy recovering as a result of austerity. Meanwhile, society's most valuable asset, its human capital, gets wasted and destroyed. Fortunately, there are alternative strategies.
Julian Savulescu, Bennett Foddy 04/10/12
The right to pursue pleasure gives us reason to legalize drugs, while addiction and self-harm fail to warrant prohibition.
Mary C. Gentile 03/30/12
We are always alone with our values before we express them. Greg Smith bravely voiced his concerns when he resigned from Goldman Sachs. He was at a point of no return, but others can develop the skills to navigate tough choices within their organizations.
Yale Environment 360 03/13/12
Innovative energy technologies are necessary for the world to curb carbon emissions, but they are not sufficient: We must also cap emissions or put a price on carbon in order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.
Project Syndicate 03/09/12
Too many tone-deaf economists attribute concerns about globalization to crass protectionist motives or ignorance, even when there are genuine ethical issues at stake.
The now-official U.S.–Colombia Free Trade Agreement will dampen growth and make it harder for Colombia to put in place policies for innovation and industrialization, writes Kevin Gallagher. Colombia will also have fewer tools to confront financial instability.
Project Syndicate 02/01/12
With a corrupt and rudderless government, Africa's most populous country has resumed its dance on the edge of the precipice. Its poor and powerless citizens are demanding transparency and accountability.
Paul J. Scalise 12/21/11
Can Japan afford to maintain a nuclear-free society in the short-to-medium term without risk of rolling blackouts or energy insecurity?
Project Syndicate 11/04/11
The protesters are asking for a democracy where people matter more than profits, and a market economy that delivers what it is supposed to within a frame of appropriate regulations.
Mehmet Dosemeci 10/19/11
By showing us the possibility of democracy in revolution, the occupations of 2011 have ignited a revolution in democracy, one that is redefining the meaning of both terms.
Project Syndicate 10/13/11
Any economic model that does not properly address inequality will eventually face a crisis of legitimacy. Unless the relative economic roles of the market and the state are rebalanced, the protests of 2011 will become more severe.
Project Syndicate 09/30/11
The world's most successful economies today use high taxes to finance a high level of government services, balancing high prosperity with social justice and environmental sustainability.
Richard Brubaker 09/29/11
While the global sustainability discussion is focused on carbon emissions, the Chinese people will continue working on problems that are tangible for them, such as health and safety.
Kathryn M. Martorana 09/09/11
Strong natural resource management is essential for a young democracy, yet Guatemala's human rights advocates face death threats after a failed presidential debate on mining.
Evan O'Neil 08/15/11
Higher gas prices, negligible energy security, more global warming: The logic stacks up against extending the Keystone tar sands pipeline. Will Secretary Clinton deny the permit?
Project Syndicate 08/10/11
We may live in a post-industrial age, in which information technologies, biotech, and high-value services have become drivers of economic growth, but countries ignore the health of their manufacturing industries at their peril.
Project Syndicate 07/19/11
Charting the progress of animal-welfare legislation around the world provides an indication of moral progress more generally.
Saleem H. Ali 07/14/11
From an ecological perspective, the gold standard has the attraction of linking economic growth to natural resource constraints, as well as the ability to instill financial discipline.
Project Syndicate 06/29/11
Humans have a limited innate capacity to deal with the ethical complexities of the modern world. Should we use the science of human morality to make people morally better?
Project Syndicate 06/20/11
India's strength as an aid provider is that it is not an over-developed power, but rather one whose own experience of development is both recent and familiar.
Project Syndicate 05/02/11
The strongest argument for why a nuclear renaissance is neither likely nor necessary? Cost.
Project Syndicate 04/19/11
The arrest of artist Ai Weiwei shows how China's relentless economic rise brings with it a decadence of civilization. The feast of new wealth is accompanied by a famine of morality.
Coming into office, Obama seemed to be in tune with Latin America in terms of economic policy, but the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations indicate an about-face.
Evan O'Neil 03/22/11
Canada is digging itself a dirty energy destiny in the Athabasca oil sands, while its customer America continues to dither on reducing demand.
Project Syndicate 03/10/11
Mauritians have chosen a path that leads to higher levels of social cohesion, welfare, and economic growth... with lower inequality, and free education and health care.
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy 02/15/11
If we truly consider world hunger an abomination, and not merely an investment opportunity, big changes need to be made in food policy.
Project Syndicate 02/08/11
Has the rhetoric surrounding globalization, for or against, been so neutralized as to lose all force?
China's growth has been a great boon to Latin America in the short-term. It is up to Latin American nations to translate these short-term gains into longer-run economic development.
Kevin Gallagher 01/11/11
Instead of trying to beat China down, the United States should pursue its own green jobs policy and reform the WTO rules to allow countries to combat climate change.
Project Syndicate 12/13/10
The more efficient we get at using something, the more of it we are likely to use. Efficiency doesn't reduce consumption; it increases it.
Sean Daly 11/12/10
The world should expect China to leverage its dominance in rare earth elements to climb up the manufacturing value chain and build green technologies in its push to modernize.
Jeff Kingston 10/29/10
Civil society in Japan is far more vibrant than it was 20 years ago, yet a discouraging regulatory environment continues to stifle the sector's potential.
Korkut Ertürk 10/13/10
Is the United States at long last getting serious about global imbalances, or are we risking currency wars that can end in unmitigated disaster for all?
Saleem H. Ali
United Nations University 10/08/10
It is high time that UN negotiators overcome their visceral reluctance to link ecology and peace-building.
Project Syndicate 09/14/10
The Millennium Development Goals will fall short of the finishing line if the developed world doesn't fulfill its promise of an open, rule-based, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.
Mark Austin 08/19/10
Clearly, a tectonic shift is under way in Japan's media world. But how fast are the plates moving, and will traditional media be able to adapt to the "Web 2.0" world, in which Internet users play an active role in generating and sharing content?
Devin T. Stewart
In China, robust growth is a good thing, as long as it doesn't undermine the leadership's monopoly hold on political power. The Chinese leadership will respect labor rights when necessary and ignore them when possible.
Project Syndicate 07/27/10
China has devised a novel strategy to relieve pressure on its overcrowded prisons: employ convicts as laborers on overseas projects in the developing world.
Roy Morrison 07/19/10
The Declaration of Support for an Efficient Renewable Energy Future calls for moving quickly to understand how a renewable power system can be optimized technically, economically, and ecologically. If not us, who? If not now, when?
YaleGlobal Online 07/12/10
France has long complained about jobs shifting to low-wage nations like China, but Europe's rising unemployment combined with rising wages in China have led Chinese manufacturers to open assembly plants in France.
Robert Dannhauser 06/28/10
It is time for ethical conduct to graduate from being a cost of doing business associated with compliance, to a more prominent role as a standard business practice.
Evan O'Neil 06/22/10
The Obama administration is trying to redefine and energize U.S. global development policy, but so far their vision lacks creativity and clear ethics.
Bill Clinton apologized earlier this year for trade policies that crushed Haitian rice production, yet in the Arkansas primary election he defended similar tactics. What does this flip-flop tell us about the globalization debate?
David Speedie 06/01/10
Charitable and philanthropic foundations hold a uniquely privileged position in society. With the right mix of daring and rigor they can spark real creativity among their grantees.
Project Syndicate 05/24/10
To compensate for a drying climate, China has launched an array of costly projects, but can science and technology really solve problems that are not caused by China alone?
Sean Daly 05/19/10
American diplomacy in Southeast Asia should strengthen ASEAN's regional prominence and push for an international forum to resolve territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
Devin T. Stewart 05/12/10
State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.
Project Syndicate 04/27/10
Over the last decade, tests and exams for immigrants have proliferated, and so have controversies over what the tests may legitimately ask.
Sofia Karlsson 04/21/10
Detention centers are on the rise as a means to control illegal immigration, while reports of human rights abuse and rising financial costs call into question their effectiveness.
While China-Japan relations have improved, the United States will remain at the core of Japanese foreign policy and the two countries will learn to manage their relationship in the post-LDP era.
Kei Hiruta 04/08/10
It is up to the Japanese to decide what regulations the nation wants to prescribe for sex industry software.
Paul J. Scalise 04/01/10
Contradictions within the Democratic Party of Japan and the Hatoyama cabinet threaten to upset the expected July upper house elections and lead to further political fragmentation and economic stagnation.
Kevin Gallagher 03/22/10
The Obama administration's new trade agenda shows little consideration for developing countries and may hurt the United States in the long run.
Project Syndicate 03/17/10
What happened on February 19 was a revolution in economics. On that day, the International Monetary Fund reversed its long-held position on capital controls.
Devin T. Stewart 03/10/10
Toyota's fall from grace caps a 20-year economic malaise that is infecting the popular culture, manifesting itself in a preference for staying home, avoiding risk.
Project Syndicate 03/02/10
Japan's ability to trudge on in the face of huge adversity is admirable, but the risks of crisis ahead are surely greater than bond markets seem to recognize.
Saleem H. Ali 02/24/10
It is high time the international community confront the elephant in the room when talking about Congo and violence against women worldwide -- culture.
United Nations University Office at the UN, New York 02/22/10
When it comes to making sense of international finance and economics, the era of so-called scientific certainties is over. To address the structural challenges the world faces now, we need to explore the feasibility of global public policy.
Rita J. King
Dancing Ink Productions 02/20/10
Revolution is hard work, and lethal. Social media has a communicative role to play in the sophisticated design of systems that will undermine human suffering and solve the "day after" problems of deposing a dictatorship.
The history of investment and technology suggests that economic recovery is closer than you think, with a new silicon-based global elite at the helm.
Project Syndicate 02/16/10
Why do people give generously to earthquake victims, but not to prevent the much larger number of deaths brought about by extreme poverty, insufficient food, unsafe water, lack of sanitation, and the absence of even the most basic healthcare?
Thomas Palley 02/12/10
As a form of automatic stabilizer, the European Central Bank should establish annual country loan quotas set according to each country's economic size and output gap.
Foreign Policy In Focus 02/09/10
Beyond the uncertain fate of trade agreements left over from the Bush years, President Obama has yet to implement the promises for trade reform he made on the campaign trail.
Hiroshi Kimizuka 02/03/10
Japanese immigration policy seeks to balance the needs of migrants and refugees with the harmonious functioning of Japanese industry, society, and employment.
Midori Okabe 01/26/10
While international migration is yet to be seen as an international public good, the international regime for orderly movement of people may eventually become a norm comparable to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Kosaku Yoshino 01/26/10
The Malaysian case of English-medium higher education represents what may be called a postcolonial pattern of English-mediated globalization wherein the old center-periphery arguments of linguistic imperialism are no longer tenable.
Michele Wucker 01/26/10
The ethical and self-interested choice in migration policy is to seek liberalized and rationalized migration that combines positive incentives with clear and fair entry criteria that take into account the needs of host and sending countries alike.
Gracia Liu-Farrer 01/25/10
Using fieldwork data through participant observation and interviews, this paper explains the causes of undocumented migration out of Fujian and explores the ethical frameworks within which Fujian undocumented migrants operate.
James Farrer 01/21/10
Without high levels of migration, and a related ethical commitment to cosmopolitanism, nation-states will fail to develop the individual and collective virtues suitable to "living well" in a global society.
Mathias Risse 01/21/10
If people of a particular country are using more than their proportionate share of the collectively owned planet, they should allow for immigration.
Mark Raper 01/21/10
If existing refugee protection and international humanitarian regimes are already under serious strain, how can global cooperation be extended for the protection of vulnerable persons displaced by climate change?
Devin T. Stewart 01/20/10
Don't we, as collective owners and stewards of the Earth, have a basic right to move? Indeed, the right to move is necessary to realize basic human rights such as the right to life, food, and work.
Florian Coulmas 01/20/10
Should language rights be understood as collective rights or individual rights? Do language rights entail active endorsement of immigrant languages on the part of the state, or only passive toleration in the private sphere?
John Haffner 01/19/10
Despite the many potential benefits of more immigration in Japan -- economic, cultural, global -- the country is likely to do little more than tinker with its immigration levels.
Project Syndicate 12/21/09
Blame for the failure of Copenhagen falls on a lot of shoulders, yet Obama took a swipe at international law by abandoning the UN framework in favor of U.S. power and domestic politics.
Didier Jacobs 12/17/09
President Obama will need to discard old foreign policy doctrines and steer with a more global moral compass to meet the vision of eradicating war in our lifetime.
Project Syndicate 12/09/09
Banks that are too big to fail are too big to exist. If they continue to exist, they must exist in a heavily regulated "utility" model.
Project Syndicate 12/02/09
Attributing the Swiss vote on banning minarets to "Islamophobia" misses the point. It was not so long ago that the majority of citizens in the Western world had their own unquestioned symbols of collective faith and identity.
Yes! Magazine 11/18/09
Our children's futures are interlocked with the futures of children born in the fishing villages of Somalia, the mountains of Burma, and the jungles of Colombia, yet we're hung up on one loaded word: terrorist.
Leo Horn-Phathanothai 11/17/09
The economic downturn presents China with a historic opportunity to reorient its economy to a more stable and sustainable path, but emerging evidence from the green stimulus is discouraging.
Edward J. Lincoln 11/13/09
The most important accomplishment of President Obama's trip to Japan would be to reassure Prime Minister Hatoyama that the tensions around Marine Corps Air Station Futenma will not interfere with the overall bilateral relationship.
Project Syndicate 11/10/09
Addressing climate change demands a paradigm shift on a scale akin to that required to end the Cold War. There is not just one wall to topple, but many.
Christopher Marsh, Nikolas K. Gvosdev 11/05/09
Nearly two decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States must confront the reality that Eurasia remains a very Russia-centric region.
Project Syndicate 10/27/09
The United States has proved the biggest climate laggard in the world, refusing to sign the 1997 Kyoto Protocol or to adopt any effective domestic emissions controls. This inaction boils down to one word: coal.
Korkut Ertürk 10/23/09
Current U.S. policy amounts to fighting the slump by trying to return to business as usual even though it is recognized that U.S. private consumption can no longer be the engine of growth, and rising fiscal deficits pose a problem.
Ann Rutledge 10/19/09
The financial crisis has demonstrated that if we are going to act responsibly and make sound economic decisions from inside the capitalist framework, we need new models that deal with fraud risk.
Project Syndicate 10/16/09
What we are doing to our planet, to our children and grandchildren, and to the poor, by our heedless production of greenhouse gases, is one of the great moral wrongs of our age. On October 24, you can stand up against this injustice.
Project Syndicate 10/09/09
Although cuts in CO2 emissions and agreement on funding and finance are necessary goals, the geopolitical reality is that climate change negotiations cannot be decoupled from trade and other major international discussions.
South Centre 10/07/09
A new and dangerous form of trade and technology protectionism is fast emerging in the name of climate change, and it is poisoning North-South relations in two negotiating arenas.
Sofia Karlsson 10/07/09
Politicians are unwilling to admit that the informal economy provides low-paying work for paperless migrants in Southern Europe, and that border control is impotent without addressing inequality.
Paul J. Scalise,
Devin T. Stewart
Foreign Policy 10/02/09
Don't believe the hype about Japan's new ruling party and the supposed revolution it is launching. As the new government completes its first month in office, all signs point to more of the same old stagnation in Tokyo.
The LDP's six decades of nearly unbroken governance shaped the post-war politics of not only Japan but also east Asia as a whole. The DPJ's watershed victory opens the prospect of a new era regionally and domestically.
Nathan Slee 09/01/09
A stable and prosperous China will continue to bring enormous opportunities, both economically and diplomatically, for the United States. To advance its own interests, the United States needs to be a partner in China's quest for stability.
Project Syndicate 08/06/09
In advance of his planned trip to the North Pole, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaks out on China's potential and responsibility to lead on clean energy.
December 31, 2020 -- Dear Colleagues, Supporters, and Friends, I hereby resign as president of the Reputable Mainstream Environmental Lobbying Organization. The global political will necessary to thwart catastrophic climate change has not materialized. I hold myself partially responsible.
Project Syndicate 07/09/09
Whether the United States likes it or not, the dollar reserve system is fraying. The question is whether we move to an alternative system in a haphazard or a structured way. The UN is blazing this path.
Public Ethics Media 07/08/09
As evidenced by the minor flap last week over the tariff provision that snuck into the American Clean Energy and Security Act, trade decisions are being actively contested by our political leaders. It's critical to scrutinize the new administration as it quietly gears up its agriculture and trade policies.
Alan Fox 07/02/09
The institutionalization of religion seems symptomatic of the human tendency to mistrust our own intuitions, which can result in an abdication of responsibility.
Negar Rachel Treister 06/24/09
Despite the similarities between the June 2009 protests and those of 1979, speculation that this round will spark another revolution is premature.
Project Syndicate 06/19/09
The conundrum of global reform is that the proposals that go far enough, such as establishing a global financial regulator, are wildly unrealistic, while those that are realistic, such as reform of the IMF, fall far short of what is needed. What we need is a vision of globalization that is fully cognizant of its limits.
Project Syndicate 06/08/09
Chinese government official Zhenhua Xie describes China's philosophy and progress in the fight to curtail climate change.
Yes! Magazine 06/01/09
President Obama and other nations' leaders will need the support of an informed, engaged public if they are to create meaningful progress toward nuclear disarmament.
Robert Dujarric 05/29/09
There are enormous limits as to what Japan, South Korea, and the United States could do about North Korea even if China agreed to follow their diplomatic lead. Stronger sanctions may indeed bring down the Kim Jong Il regime, but that is the outcome everyone really wishes to avoid.
Seth Kaplan 05/27/09
The Obama administration has reversed former President George W. Bush's isolationist policies toward Syria, but has little to show for it. The government will need a more comprehensive approach to loosen Syria's ties to Iran and terrorist networks.
Project Syndicate 05/22/09
Even with the worst of the crises over, we are likely to find ourselves in a somewhat de-globalized world, one in which international trade grows at a slower pace, there is less external finance, and rich countries' appetite for running large current-account deficits is significantly diminished. Developing countries will have to substitute real industrial policies for those that operate through the exchange rate.
Robert Pollack, Amy Pollack 05/19/09
Any brain can imagine, learn, teach, remember, or forget any idea, regardless of the ancestry of the person whose mind is emergent in that brain, and regardless of whether that idea reflects the facts of nature. Perhaps the most self-serving and punitive example of such a dreamt idea is the notion that "genes are destiny." They are not.
Edward J. Lincoln 05/04/09
Should we be pleased that Japan is gradually stepping up to its responsibilities in global security, or are there better ways for it to help provide global public goods?
Project Syndicate 05/01/09
Many of the global security hotspots lie in a great arc of arid lands where water scarcity is leading to failed crops, dying livestock, extreme poverty, and desperation.
Michael Auslin 04/28/09
Indecisive politics and economic crisis plague Japan. Yet the Japanese social fabric has so far been strong enough to absorb long-term social, economic, and political changes. What type of country will emerge from the rubble?
Ron Soodalter 04/27/09
Certain things we know to be true. We know that the South kept slaves, and the North fought a righteous war of liberation. We know that the slave trade was legal right up to the Civil War. We know that the Emancipation Proclamation freed all the slaves, and that the United States has been slavery-free ever since. These things we know –- and none of it is true.
Public Ethics Media 04/24/09
The economic crisis has been compared to familiar catastrophes such as the sinking Titanic and a tsunami. But the car crash analogy works much better for moral judgments about who should bear the costs of the financial crisis.
Peter David Pedersen 04/15/09
What does it mean to build an economy on sound ecological principles? It means that all forms of business and other human activity will be directed toward a truly cyclical use of resources, zero carbon emissions, and restoration and reinvestment in natural capital.
Project Syndicate 04/15/09
This global crisis requires a global response, but, unfortunately, responsibility for responding remains at the national level. Each country will try to design its stimulus package to maximize the impact on its own citizens.
Korkut Ertürk 04/09/09
We have to wean the world off its dependence on U.S. overspending without sticking the United States and the world economy in a depression, says Korkut Erturk. A credible plan to achieve that would involve figuring out a way to drive a wedge between the global dollars accumulated in foreign reserves and the domestic dollars that the United States will be creating at a much faster clip.
Project Syndicate 03/30/09
When the history of this crisis is written, it will be recorded that protectionism first prevailed in finance rather than trade. Now, the G-20 must pull together assistance for poorer countries on the periphery, including IMF Special Drawing Rights.
Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Project Syndicate 03/24/09
Different types of networks provide new forms of power, and require different styles of leadership. Barack Obama understands this and is adapting leadership to a more networked world.
YaleGlobal Online 03/18/09
By inviting China to form a new partnership, the United States has in effect challenged China to emerge from its cautious cocoon of self-reliance and embrace a leadership role befitting its wealth and power and new global reach.
Project Syndicate 03/16/09
Given state budgetary constraints, tax cuts, and the depth of the recession, Obama's recovery efforts are falling short of what's needed to revive financial markets -- with important lessons for countries facing similar problems around the world.
Public Ethics Media 03/04/09
British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline was lauded in recent headlines for the announcement that it would voluntarily act to improve access to medicines in developing countries. But will GSK's measures really enhance the health of the global poor?
Project Syndicate 03/04/09
As contemporary authoritarian regimes learn how to manage and engineer information flows, we must understand that promoting and protecting free speech in places like China and Russia is not a simple matter of "tearing down the wall."
Project Syndicate 02/26/09
Paradoxically, nationalizing banks may be friendlier to the market than other solutions: It wipes out common and preferred shareholders of clearly insolvent institutions while providing a fair upside to the taxpayer. The current U.S. and British approach may end up producing Japanese-style zombie banks -- never properly restructured and perpetuating a credit freeze.
Seth Kaplan 02/18/09
Instead of repeatedly trying to foist a Western style top-down state structure on a deeply decentralized society, the international community should work with Somalia's long-standing traditional institutions to build a bottom-up government.
Joshua S. Fouts 02/18/09
With President Obama's choice for under secretary of public diplomacy still unknown, it's hard to gauge where strategic communications are headed. But in the era of new media, information warfare and "messaging" can't continue to outrank authentic and ethical communication among cultures.
Project Syndicate 02/16/09
The economic crisis raises fundamental questions about globalization, which was supposed to help diffuse risk. Instead, it enabled America's failures to spread around the world, like a contagious disease. The worry at Davos this year was that a retreat from even our flawed globalization would hurt poor countries the most.
YaleGlobal Online 02/09/09
Slumdog Millionaire is a metaphor for India and its emergence in the age of globalization. It touches a national sore spot by revealing the chasm between India's self-perception and any reasonable measure of its success.
Project Syndicate 02/03/09
How does the Dutch policy of legalizing prostitution compare with the Swedish approach of decriminalizing the sale of sex and naming and shaming the clients?
Matthew Hennessey 02/03/09
Widespread adoption of electronic forms of payment will depend heavily on trust, but it could close some loopholes and jolt the world economy.
Devin T. Stewart 01/21/09
How can business models become more sustainable? Fortunately, global human civilization has all the moral tools it needs.
Project Syndicate 01/16/09
On December 10, the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, more than 300 Chinese citizens, ranging from law professors to businessmen, farmers, and even some government officials, put their names to a remarkable document, entitled Charter 08.
Chong-Pin Lin 01/09/09
Beijing's patient approach toward Taiwan has become an integral part of its global strategy, one characterized by confidence and an emphasis on using non-military instruments such as diplomacy, economy, culture, and psychology.
Project Syndicate 01/09/09
If the Fertile Crescent is not to become a futile crescent, we must wake up and find the moral courage and political vision for a quantum leap in Palestine.
Harry Harding 01/06/09
As the Chinese gradually rediscover the need to introduce ethical considerations into their foreign policy, what will those considerations be?
Evan O'Neil 12/18/08
Fighting the climate crisis will be as much about new incentives as about new technologies, and there are few incentives as reliable as price. Will Obama miss a crucial opportunity to raise the federal gasoline tax?
Project Syndicate 12/15/08
Keynes argued not only that markets are not self-correcting, but that in a severe downturn, monetary policy was likely to be ineffective. Fiscal policy was required. But not all fiscal policies are equivalent.
Calls for strict oversight of hedge funds have grown recently, particularly since the arrest of trader Bernard Madoff and other high-profile fraud cases. While new financial regulations may be necessary, establishing internal ethical standards at hedge funds is also crucial, argue Plantan and Goldstein.
Philip G. Cerny 12/10/08
As the Doha Round drags on in the shadow of the financial crisis, a splattering of bilateral and regional agreements could push convergence on socially sensitive forms of trade liberalization.
Project Syndicate 12/05/08
President-elect Barack Obama will have to guide the American economy through recession with a clear global vision on trade imbalances, technologies, and public budgets.
YaleGlobal Online 12/03/08
In many ways, the victims of the carnage in Mumbai represent the integration of markets, peoples and ideas captured by that catchall word -- globalization.
Keith Slack 11/21/08
Moving beyond "social license" to respecting the principle of consent can be an effective way for companies and communities to control risks and create mutual benefits.
Jose Antonio Ocampo
Project Syndicate 11/12/08
The agenda for international financial reform must include a global system for prudential regulation, an international debt court, and a revamped IMF managing a global reserve currency.
Project Syndicate 11/12/08
Now is the time to sharpen the IMF's role as an interlocutor between lenders and developing country borrowers, not to ramp up IMF lending on a long-term basis.
Project Syndicate 10/31/08
Only a global embrace of green growth offers the world an enduring prospect of long-term social well-being and prosperity.
Susan Aaronson 10/29/08
The financial crisis could spell the end of America's global economic leadership, but working with other nations and building new institutions of governance may reinvigorate American influence.
Susan Aaronson 10/16/08
Although oil prices are declining, the global oil market is out of whack and prices remain high, causing economic suffering around the world. To get things back on track, policymakers will have to attempt some slick solutions.
YaleGlobal Online 10/13/08
The financial crisis could lead to a more self-centered America that would try to limit its external commitments and get its own house in order.
Project Syndicate 10/08/08
If the United States and Latin America can face up to the challenges of trade and immigration together, the next U.S. president may leave a weightier mark on the hemispheric relationship than any American leader in three generations.
William C. Frederick 10/02/08
Sandra Waddock's book The Difference Makers tells the stories of nearly two dozen innovators who pioneered the corporate responsibility movement over the past quarter century.
Sheridan Prasso 09/24/08
While the world's attention is focused on wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Georgia, a little-observed positive trend is taking place on the other side of the world: Peace has broken out in the Taiwan Strait.
Improved communication and translation between people will deprive nation-states of their raison d'etre.
Per Kurowski 09/09/08
Developing a fair system for sharing Iraqi oil revenues will ensure that no one can aspire to be the next Saddam Hussein.
G. Pascal Zachary
Project Syndicate 09/09/08
Ugandan politicians are using selective trade barriers on rice to stimulate domestic production and development.
Project Syndicate 09/02/08
Extreme poverty is almost synonymous with isolation, especially rural isolation. Mobile phones and wireless Internet will prove to be the most transformative economic development technologies of our time.
Devin T. Stewart
Project Syndicate 09/02/08
The nation-state is an anachronistic myth that has helped fuel wars and that may hinder solutions to the world's biggest problems.
James Farrer 08/28/08
The Japanese media consensus is that despite the organizational and aesthetic success of the Beijing Games, they are unlikely to produce the positive social and political benefits for China that were achieved by the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. Meanwhile, most Japanese are also skeptical whether Tokyo can muster comparable vitality for its 2016 Olympic bid.
Project Syndicate 08/22/08
The probability is growing that the global economy--not just the United States--will experience a serious recession.
Project Syndicate 08/19/08
The Doha Round was constructed on a myth, namely that a negotiating agenda focused on agriculture would constitute a "development round."
David Speedie 08/13/08
The table was set for the current outbreak of hostilities, which were preceded by violence in July in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. But the question remains: Why now?
Devin T. Stewart 08/08/08
Are we entering a new era where international noncooperation on global problems could become as lethal as warfare?
Project Syndicate 08/01/08
The world needs global solutions for global problems, but the G8 leaders clearly aren't up to the task. A dose of basic management logic could help them establish goals, mobilize financing, and identify the scientific expertise and organizations best suited to implement solutions.
John Mizzoni 07/25/08
Interface carpet has made bold moves toward sustainability. Should other businesses follow suit? John Mizzoni sketches three arguments for why businesses have a moral responsibility to the environment.
Project Syndicate 07/25/08
The world economy has seen globalization collapse before. Are we about to witness a similar breakdown? Although economic globalization has enabled unprecedented prosperity, global markets suffer from weak governance, and therefore weak popular legitimacy.
Project Syndicate 07/21/08
If communism has lost its capacity to inspire the Chinese, what should replace it? Most Westerners think the answer is liberal democracy, but "Left Confucianism" provides another answer.
Nayan Chanda 07/18/08
Politicians in the G8 seem to operate in a parallel universe compared to the earth scientists discussing climate change at the Tallberg Forum.
Project Syndicate 07/14/08
While still a somewhat tribal affair, soccer in today's multi-ethnic Europe is more peaceful and celebratory and less colored by past wars.
Project Syndicate 07/08/08
The UN Human Rights Council has taken an important step toward eliminating the artificial divide between freedom from fear and freedom from want that has characterized the human rights system since its inception.
Project Syndicate 06/25/08
The scale of the oil price spike exceeds normal demand and supply factors, pointing to the role of speculation and underscoring the need for policy action to clean up the oil market.
R. Glenn Hubbard,
By drawing on the business focus of the original Marshall Plan, aid to Africa could ignite growth and reduce poverty.
Think Impact 06/18/08
Water shortages could be as lethal in the twenty-first century as terrorism and the relentless exhaustion of energy reserves, but the U.S. presidential candidates have said little about this crisis.
David Singh Grewal 06/16/08
The rise of English as a global lingua franca is one of the most striking developments of the last few decades, but the use of universal standards raises concerns about distributive justice and identity.
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 06/11/08
Those who question the moral significance of borders often invoke the EU as a model of post-national belonging. For asylum-seekers, "Fortress Europe" remains a more accurate description.
Project Syndicate 06/05/08
Is there a clash between civilization and cultures? Can cultural dialogues ever remedy political conflicts? It will take more than wearing ties and weekly grooming to prevent barbarism, says Tzvetan Todorov.
Project Syndicate 05/30/08
The time has come to reestablish public financing systems to help poor farmers access the seeds, fertilizer, and irrigation that could double their crop productivity.
Tobias Harris, Douglas Turner 05/28/08
Left unchanged, the U.S.-Japan alliance will drift into irrelevance, and the United States will lose an important component of its Asia policy just as the region becomes the world's most important.
Sherman Katz, Susan Aaronson, Franklin Lavin, Thea Lee 05/27/08
Sherman Katz, Susan Aaronson, Franklin Lavin, and Thea Lee answer the question, How should U.S. trade policy evolve under the next president?
Jon Templeman 05/23/08
The food crisis has tempted governments to enact export bans and pull other market levers, but helping small-scale farmers might be a better long-term target for food stability.
Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Project Syndicate 05/21/08
A wise Japan-U.S. relationship combines realism with liberalism to hedge against the uncertainty inherent in China's rise.
Project Syndicate 05/16/08
Instead of whining about high commodity prices, governments should shield only their very poorest citizens, and let the price spikes send a real message about scarcity in a globalizing world.
Raul Castro's decision allowing Cubans to purchase prepaid cell phone plans may foster new liberty on the communist island.
Project Syndicate 05/13/08
The African Union should send an investigative mission to Zimbabwe to determine what may be required to carry out the internationally accepted responsibility to protect.
James Farrer, Koichi Nakano 05/13/08
James Farrer interviews Japanese political scientist Koichi Nakano on the significance of Chinese President Hu Jintao's May 2008 visit to Japan.
Hu Jintao's five-day visit to Japan underlines the fact that the basis for a strong Sino-Japanese relationship already exists, says James Farrer.
Project Syndicate 05/02/08
A full-fledged trade war could destroy--or perhaps rescue--the chances of bringing rich and poor nations together to fight global warming.
Susan Aaronson 04/23/08
When human rights are violated, policymakers are pressured to do something, and they often turn to trade for leverage. Is this incentive effective?
YaleGlobal Online 04/22/08
The energy industry keeps the world hooked on fossil fuels by artificially manipulating scarcity, says James Hansen. A move toward zero emissions is necessary to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide for centuries to come.
Project Syndicate 04/14/08
Recent growth in sub-Saharan Africa is threatened by instability in the region's pillar countries and the risk of evaporating remittances during a global slowdown.
Devin T. Stewart 04/04/08
China's approach to dealing with global public opinion, be it over Tibet and the Olympics or dams in Cambodia, carries risks.
Project Syndicate 04/02/08
China's rulers are trying to reassure the world that peace, quiet, and "harmony" have again prevailed in Tibet, but it is a graveyard peace. Merely urging the Chinese government to exercise "utmost restraint" is far too weak a response for the international community.
Project Syndicate 03/26/08
While the market today has no serious challenger, it is morally vulnerable. It is dangerously dependent on economic success, so that any large-scale failure exposes its shallowness.
Project Syndicate 03/14/08
If central bankers think that today's inflation is simply the product of short-term resource scarcities as opposed to lax monetary policy, they are mistaken.
Michael Strong 03/12/08
Prosperity has the potential to strengthen democracies and enhance security, but only in a global atmosphere of nonaggression.
Saleem H. Ali 03/12/08
Despite oil's tortured history, it must not be summarily dismissed as a cause of turmoil in Africa.
Project Syndicate 03/04/08
Global public-private partnerships for new technologies should be a major objective of sustainable development policy, with proven innovations transferred to poorer countries.
George Kent 02/26/08
So long as we treat ending child malnutrition only as a series of national problems, the effort is doomed to failure. There must be a strong global strategy that complements national initiatives.
Seth Kaplan 02/26/08
In states such as Kenya with a tenuous concept of nationhood, institutions need to distribute resources equitably if they are to foster stability and growth.
Today's globalization may be causing more stress to our planet than we realize, and the food industry is just one example. When it comes to mercury in fish, it's not whether to eat tuna but what we've done to the tuna that should be debated.
Project Syndicate 02/14/08
By giving charities an incentive to become more transparent, GiveWell could make the $200 billion donated by U.S. individuals each year do much more good than ever before.
Project Syndicate 02/06/08
Whales are social mammals with big brains, capable of enjoying life and of feeling pain. When it comes to hunting them, everyone's ethics get knocked about in the stiff Pacific winds.
James Farrer 01/31/08
Many have argued we are entering a multipolar world. Yet, this competition will not simply take place in terms of varying approaches to foreign policy but also as a result of internal policies toward minorities.
Mark Engler 01/31/08
The new Latin American Bank of the South aims to promote cooperative development policies more sensitive to the needs of the poor. Can its declaration of independence and unity hang together where internal disputes have previously thwarted regional dreams?
Thomas Palley 01/28/08
The Federal Reserve is right to play the interest rate card aggressively given the economy-wide costs of a financial meltdown. But let's not fool ourselves. The Fed is bailing out Wall Street.
David Dapice 01/24/08
Like the sorcerer's apprentice, the U.S. financial system has created things it does not understand and cannot easily control.
Project Syndicate 01/16/08
The world has heard much about India's extraordinary transformation in recent years, but in terms of soft power, India's strength may be understated.
Think Impact 01/15/08
Water is poised to be the most baffling challenge of the 21st century. A Kenyan women's group is digging trenches to show how leadership and partnership can deliver fresh, local solutions.
Project Syndicate 12/13/07
Many Europeans doubt that Asia can catch up in terms of regional integration. But Asia has a well developed set of moral principles, some of which were established long before similar principles spread in Europe. These principles can serve as part of an emerging common global ethic.
Joshua Eisenman, Devin T. Stewart 12/12/07
Two years ago, Robert Zoellick gave a celebrated speech that urged China to become a "responsible stakeholder" in the international system. This comment has come to reflect the predominant view in U.S. foreign policy circles, but it faces scrutiny among American and Chinese policymakers alike.
Sheridan Prasso 12/07/07
As the world should have learned from the Enron scandal in the United States, audited returns and sky-high share prices do not good companies make. What matters is corporate governance. In that arena, Chinese companies continue to lag behind international standards.
Susan Aaronson, Devin T. Stewart 12/04/07
Trade has become increasingly contentious as publics in many countries blame the movement of goods across borders for the effects on human rights associated with the advance of globalization in general. Devin Stewart talks with Susan Aaronson about her new book, Trade Imbalance: The Struggle to Weigh Human Rights Concerns in Trade Policymaking, coauthored with Jamie Zimmerman.
Project Syndicate 11/29/07
China has changed since it "won" the 2008 Summer Olympic Games seven years ago. The Chinese Communist Party hoped to use the Games to showcase the country's emergence as a dynamic, modern nation. But as China's leaders begin final preparations for next August, they may be wondering if hosting the event was such a good idea after all.
Center for Economic and Policy Research, Inclusion: Independent, Progressive, New 11/29/07
One in three American jobs is low-wage work that often doesn't pay enough to make ends meet. Unionization substantially improves pay and benefits in these occupations, and it also promotes social inclusion -- the ability for workers to participate fully in the life of their communities.
Ann Roberts 11/28/07
About 1.2 billion people live without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation, a number that will certainly grow without continued pressure for innovative solutions. Cross-sector partnerships and local projects are leading the way.
Ethical Corporation 11/20/07
What should be done to encourage companies that have made little progress so far on corporate responsibility? Christine Bader looks at the different types of laggards, the forces that can influence them, and the different players that can help.
Saleem H. Ali, Michael Cohen 11/20/07
The geography, demographics, and environment of the Golan Heights make it suitable for environmental peace-building. Putting it on the agenda at the upcoming Middle East peace talks in Annapolis may help bring Syria to the table.
John Lash 10/31/07
Today's sustainability builds CSR and environmental awareness on brand value and the bottom line. But what are companies actually doing to achieve this? The good news is that sustainability initiatives follow a common blueprint across industries.
Devin T. Stewart, Matthew Hennessey 10/29/07
Blogs have evolved into a powerful sociopolitical force capable of shaping opinion, breaking news, and giving a voice to the voiceless. But with great chatter comes great responsibility. Should an explicit code of conduct govern the blogosphere?
Susan Aaronson, Kevin Gallagher, Daniel W. Drezner 10/23/07
With Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton calling for a "timeout" on future free trade agreements and support for free trade waning among Republicans, Policy Innovations asked three trade experts what they see for the future of U.S. trade policy.
Devin T. Stewart
YaleGlobal Online 10/23/07
Devin Stewart interviews YaleGlobal Online editor Nayan Chanda about his new book, Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalization.
Kevin Gallagher 10/12/07
New research suggests that signing a trade agreement with the United States may not bring the desired investment, and if investment comes it may not translate into economic growth.
Laura Carlsen 09/14/07
In the absence of a greater scientific consensus and effective legislation to protect farmers, workers, consumers, the environment, and the food supply, full-steam-ahead plans for agrofuel development cannot be justified.
Masahiro Matsumura 09/07/07
Democracy is a crucial element of economic development that India enjoys, and China's stability will not be sustainable in the long term without it.
Carol Holding 08/23/07
The U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board issued standards this year for reporting how much brands and other intangibles are worth. The problem is that until now no one has been able to measure the impact corporate social responsibility has on brands.
Sasha Issenberg, Devin T. Stewart 08/20/07
Devin Stewart talks with writer Sasha Issenberg about the culture, ethics, and evolution of sushi as a globalized commodity.
Project Syndicate 08/17/07
The pessimists who forecast that America's economy was in for trouble finally seem to be coming into their own. Of course, there is no glee in seeing stock prices tumble as a result of mortgage defaults. But it was largely predictable, as are the likely consequences for the global economy.
Grant Aldonas 08/13/07
Devin Stewart interviews Grant Aldonas, former Bush Administration Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade, on his recent study on the policy response to globalization. The study, "Succeeding in the Global Economy," focuses on how government policies can help American workers.
Project Syndicate 08/06/07
When a war erupts, as in Darfur, policymakers look for a political explanation and a political solution. This is understandable, but it misses a basic point. By understanding the role of geography, climate, and population growth in the conflict, we can find more realistic solutions.
Andrew Field, Devin T. Stewart 07/26/07
Devin Stewart interviews blogger, filmmaker, and scholar Andrew Field on the globalization of music in China and what it's like to document the living history of a country that censors the Internet.
Project Syndicate 07/24/07
Amid all the talk of economic growth and exchange rates at the G8 summit this year, a new statistic appeared on the agenda of the world's richest countries: extinction rates. Philippe Cousteau and Philip E. Clapp propose a global conservation reserve system to protect biodiversity.
Devin T. Stewart
Value News Network 07/16/07
The World Bank reports that corruption is on the wane in Africa. Devin Stewart interviews Nairobi-born publisher Laurance Allen about the progress he has seen in Africa over several decades.
Anthony F. Lang, Jr. 07/16/07
Globalization provides a unique opportunity to rethink the rules of the international system. One way to combine the need for rules with the need for flexibility is the idea of constitutionalism. A constitution creates a rule-bound system, one that can be written as in the United States or unwritten as in Britain.
Project Syndicate 07/10/07
China's decision to execute the head of its drug regulatory agency has rekindled international debate on capital punishment. The question usually boils down to conflicting ethical and utilitarian views. But, whether or not you oppose the death penalty, two lessons can be drawn.
James Farrer, Devin T. Stewart 07/02/07
Devin Stewart interviews sociologist James Farrer about a recent conference in Beijing on sexuality and implications for human rights and civil society in China.
Project Syndicate 06/26/07
The wealthiest countries made meager progress on climate change at the recent G8 meeting, and large developing countries with lower per capita emissions refuse to accept mandatory restrictions, citing the West's historic responsibility. Ethical philosopher Peter Singer lays out a proposal to solve this dilemma.
Project Syndicate 06/15/07
Smiling is a universal human practice, although readiness to smile at strangers varies according to culture. In Australia, the city of Port Phillip has been using volunteers to find out how often people smile at those who pass them in the street.
Susan Aaronson 06/14/07
Few development advocates perceive Robert Zoellick as a man committed to making trade fairer for the world's poor. But he has long tried to realign U.S. trade policies to meet development objectives. This history suggests he will manage the World Bank to facilitate greater coherence.
Project Syndicate 06/08/07
Harold James critiques The Dignity of a State by Japanese mathematician and essayist Masahiko Fujiwara, a provocative book that has reignited the debate about whether there are specifically "Asian" values. Fujiwara argues that liberal democracy is a Western invention that does not fit well with the Japanese or Asian character.
Project Syndicate 05/25/07
Drug companies spend far more money on advertising and marketing than they do on research, and almost no money on diseases that afflict hundreds of millions of poor people. There is an alternative way to finance and incentivize research that could do a far better job than patents: a medical prize fund that would reward those who discover cures and vaccines.
Marcus Noland, Howard Pack 05/23/07
The Arab world faces the immense challenge of creating jobs for its large cohort of young people who are reaching working age. Over the next decade or so, the region may experience population growth of 150 million people—the equivalent of adding two Egypts. Such rapid labor force growth has contributed to despair among young people regarding their job prospects, and, by extension, concerns about political stability.
Thomas Palley 05/16/07
Economies can get locked in to using inefficient technologies, such as narrow gauge railroads. Thomas Palley applies this metaphor to the rules that govern globalization, arguing for a "broad gauge" system of trade agreements that include proper labor rights, environmental standards, and exchange rate provisions.
Devin T. Stewart 04/26/07
Devin Stewart establece un esquema que reconcilia la libertad y la justicia para crear una politica comercial mas etica. En el ejercicio de alcanzar el justo medio entre el proteccionismo y el libre mercado fundamentalista es util hacer tres preguntas: Es legitimo el intercambio de bienes? Comparten valores y se benefician equitativamente las partes en el intercambio? Cuales son las consecuencias?
Rather than force poor nations to accept further liberalization of fisheries, rich countries must establish new rules for sustainable and equitable management of the oceans. Unregulated free trade in this sector threatens marine life, food security, and developing world income.
Bill Baue 04/10/07
Harvard Professor John Ruggie recently released his report as Special Representative to the Secretary-General on business and human rights. Despite finding problems with voluntary initiatives, he sees them pushing society toward new practices, such as Human Rights Impact Assessments.
Kevin Gallagher 04/09/07
U.S. President Bush is trying to pass trade bills with Panama, Peru, Colombia, and South Korea. Unfortunately, these treaties fall far short of a Congressional mandate stating that U.S. trade bills must have significant environmental provisions. The new agreements backpedal on effective environmental cooperation and funding precedents that were set under NAFTA.
Susan Aaronson 04/03/07
The United States has been a strong advocate of linking trade agreements and worker rights since the 19th century. But the United States will not be a credible advocate of labor rights unless it consistently applies international labor rights standards abroad as well as at home.
YaleGlobal Online 04/02/07
As manufacturing jobs slip away from the United States, Congress is tempted to apply protectionist measures. But restriction of trade could backfire and chase more skilled jobs abroad. Unbalanced budgets, a low savings rate, and soaring health costs are the true culprit.
Inclusion: Independent, Progressive, New 03/19/07
Progressives aren't alone in worrying about the widening income gap these days. Even Federal Reserve Chief Ben Bernanke expresses concern. Much of the focus has been on the massive increase in compensation for jobs at the very top of the income distribution. The flip side of this story—the growth of the low-wage labor market and the deteriorating conditions of those jobs—often gets less attention.
YaleGlobal Online 03/06/07
While the historic responsibility for the current state of atmospheric greenhouse gases lies with the now-developed countries, the fastest growing emitters are currently in the developing world. Scott Barrett, director of the International Policy Program at Johns Hopkins University, argues that it is in everyone's interest to pursue the most efficient policy rather than the apparently populist one. Investments in environmentally friendly technologies in the developing world will bring much larger payoffs, he says.
Think Impact 03/06/07
Good leadership makes all the difference. So why are people complaining about Oprah's new school in South Africa, a leadership academy for girls? The Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls is lavish and fancy, and cost Oprah about $40 million to build. It has 26 buildings, computer resources, yoga rooms, and more. Many people have raised their eyebrows at the expense and relative size of enrollment. Her school will ultimately serve a mere 450 students. At the moment, it only has 152. Because my organization, the Student Movement for Real Change, also builds schools in South Africa, I have been asked many times about my position on the matter. Is her school too much for too few?
Susan Aaronson 03/05/07
Susan Aaronson outlines the tricky territory of states, corporations, and NGOs that John Ruggie navigated while preparing a United Nations report on human rights and business. Equitably, the report is slated to have "something to displease everyone." While businesses can do more to ensure that they don't undermine human rights, in the end it is governments that have the primary responsibility to promote, protect, and respect those rights.
Timothy Savage 02/21/07
More than any other countries on Earth, China and the United States hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.
Stephanie T. Kleine-Ahlbrandt, Andrew Small 02/14/07
The most recent phase of China's foreign policy transformation has been building for several months. It has its roots in two sources: the country's growing sensitivity to opprobrium over its international behavior, and an increasingly sharp reassessment of its political interests, which are looking more like those of a great power rather than a developing country struggling to protect its sovereignty.
Ali Dini 02/12/07
National development strategies are insufficient for overcoming the problems in poor countries. Cooperation at the regional and world level is needed to solve the problems that originate from weak world governance. Moreover, establishing a fair and democratic world is a solution to religious fundamentalism in the Middle East.
Center for Economic and Policy Research 02/02/07
To save time, we eat poorly, sleep less, and exercise little, making us less healthy in the long run and requiring us to spend more on health care. Directly or indirectly, saving more time means spending more money, and spending more money means more time making it. It’s a vicious cycle, and how it all plays out varies from society to society. Indeed, far from devastating the U.S. economy, Kyoto could be met simply by taking vacations, choosing leisure over labor.
Germany should not impose labor market restrictions on new European Union members Bulgaria and Romania, argues Christian Drenth. In previous waves of EU expansion the countries that maintained open labor policies fared better in terms of growth and employment. Given its physical and economic centrality on the new European Union map, Germany has a responsibility to lead the way with fair and prosperous policies.
Philip E. Auerswald,
Iqbal Z. Quadir
Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization 01/30/07
What is a social entrepreneur? Anyone who takes it upon themselves to organize a solution to a social challenge, say Philip Auerswald and Iqbal Quadir in a recent letter to the editor of the Financial Times. They believe that the growing community of such people represents a new distribution in the power to create change -- a power you're less likely to find at Davos.
Devin T. Stewart 01/29/07
Devin Stewart sketches a framework for reconciling freedom and fairness to create an overall more ethical trade policy. To reach the golden mean between protectionism and free market fundamentalism, three questions are useful: Are the goods legitimately tradable? Do trading partners share values and benefit equitably? What are the consequences? Stewart argues that it is in the enlightened self-interest of the United States, as the greatest beneficiary of globalization, to foster freedom and fairness not only at home but also in the global economy.
William C. Frederick 01/18/07
The essential is invisible. Bill Frederick says critics of corporate social responsibility (CSR) miss this point when they focus only on the means and shortcomings of CSR initiatives. Riffing on the famous 1897 Sun editorial "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus," Frederick argues that the larger purpose of CSR advocacy is being achieved. CSR has injected a new awareness of social values into business decisions, operations, policy, and strategy.
Madeleine Lynn 01/12/07
Advocates of dams point out their potential benefits: protection from floods, clean and safe electricity (as opposed to coal or nuclear power plants), and reservoirs that provide water for drinking and irrigation. But are the benefits worth the social, environmental, and economic costs? The Chinese are going full speed ahead with a spate of giant dams, both at home and abroad. These projects will displace millions of people, adversely affect wildlife, drown historical sites in some cases, and permanently alter and damage the environment.
Financial Policy Forum and Derivatives Study Center 01/12/07
Hedge funds are more numerous, have more capital, manage more assets and derivatives, operate at higher levels of leverage and play critical roles in many major financial markets. We regulate them as if they were so many child-operated lemonade stands, but in fact they are playing an economic role more like McDonald's.
Susan Aaronson 01/05/07
About 230 years ago, King George III taught the American colonists an important lesson: Because taxation without representation is tyranny, the public must have a voice in the making of trade policy. The new U.S. Congress should keep that lesson in mind as it attempts to devise trade strategies to promote labor rights and other human rights overseas. In the 21st century, policymakers should not limit the concerned public to those individuals living within U.S. borders.
David Shinn 12/21/06
Westerners look at the China-Africa relationship through the optic of Western ethical and human rights values. Many Africans do not share these values in precisely the same way and, therefore, evaluate relations with China differently. If the West fails to take these different perceptions into account, it will never deal effectively with the challenges posed by China in Africa.
International Food Policy Research Institute 12/04/06
As the impact of the AIDS hyper-epidemics in southern Africa continues to grow, we are witnessing the development of dangerous interactions that threaten the trajectory of national social and economic development. Recognition of the multidimensional aspects of the AIDS crisis has been a slow dawn.
Susan Aaronson 11/30/06
Some might argue that, in the absence of trade talks, coherence between human rights, development, and trade is unattainable. Many newly elected Congresspeople are concerned about the impact of trade liberalization on their local economies. As a result, they are often portrayed as protectionists. But growing numbers of these leaders also recognize that protectionism is at best a stopgap measure: It cannot help local officials attract job-creating investment. A coordinated policy approach is in the interest of citizens of the developing world, as well as taxpayers in the industrialized world.
Ethan Kapstein 11/16/06
The history books tell us that slavery was abolished once and for all during the 19th century. Unfortunately, that is far from the truth. Slavery is back with a vengeance, and it’s gone global.
Gawain Kripke 11/09/06
Some leaders are calling for an African “green revolution” modeled on the leaps in agricultural productivity accomplished in many Asian countries through the 1960s. This attention is very encouraging. The evidence suggests investments in agriculture are the best way to reduce poverty and develop African economies. After all, most Africans rely on farming as a livelihood, and poverty in Africa is concentrated among rural populations. Nevertheless, some caution is warranted.
Nikolas K. Gvosdev 10/13/06
Nikolas K. Gvosdev, editor of The National Interest, discusses the emergence of English as globalization’s lingua franca and the moral implications of greater ease of communication across traditional political boundaries.
Thomas Palley 10/12/06
"The debate over globalization is not about the benefits of IT, and opposition to globalization does not mean opposition to technology. Instead, the debate is about the character of globalization—the absence of labor standards, the absence of rules for exchange rates, the implications of outsourcing for workers, and changed power relations that enable corporations to set economic policy and collar productivity gains for their top management and owners."
YaleGlobal Online 10/12/06
By Anita Chan. Reprinted with permission from YaleGlobal Online: Global labor leaders had long considered China’s unions as an arm of the government and not worthy of much respect. But that was before All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) took on Wal-Mart managers in China and quickly set up union branches at more than 20 stores.
Devin T. Stewart 09/07/06
National trade deficits usually get worse before they get better. This pattern resembles a "J" on graphs and so economists call it the J curve. Ian Bremmer noticed that countries also follow a J curve. In this case, the curve describes the relationship between a country's openness and its stability, which is detailed in Bremmer's new book.
Liem Giok In 08/18/06
If people, instead of raw growth, were the focus of our economic thinking, then nonmarket activities would assume their proper value in our understanding of the economy.
Alfredo Sfeir-Younis 06/29/06
It is often argued that organizations that deal with economic development should avoid human rights issues because the two topics are distinct. This argument holds true only if people see human rights as strictly legal obligations. A deeper analysis shows that human rights are highly correlated with economic development and are often precursors for it.
Norman Girvan 08/02/05
The Caribbean, along with the rest of the developing world, needs space for experimentation and for learning from the shared experiences of development policymaking.
International Jesuit Network for Development, Center of Concern 07/11/05
Debt reduction, or even cancellation, cannot have lasting benefits unless structural features of developing-country trade are also addressed.
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 07/08/05
By Lydia Tomitova. The offer by the finance ministers of the G8 to cancel the debts of some of the world's poorest countries is a welcome step forward in addressing the global debt problem. Yet, referring to it as 100 percent debt cancellation is misleading since the deal, despite its promise to cancel significant amounts, is far from a comprehensive solution.