Op-ed length essays on a fairer globalization. We welcome submissions.

Query Text:
Results per Page:

All Commentary   |   View recent Commentary

Africa's Rising GDP Numbers

Laurance Allen 03/23/15

African countries are recalculating their gross domestic products to include previously unaccounted economic activities. Is it a strategy of these countries to market themselves or does rebasing reflect the economic reality of the situation?

Social Entrepreneurship: A Force for Political Stability

Stanford Social Innovation Review 03/20/15

Three recommendations for bridging the chasm between the political elite and marginalized citizens in the Middle East.

Triple Jeopardy: Girls and Women Affected by Leprosy are Discriminated Against Because of Gender, Stigma, and Disabilities

The Lancet Global Health 03/13/15

Women with leprosy face high levels of social discrimination and encounter difficulties in access to education, employment, public transportation, and marriage.

Good Environmental Policies Equal More Just Societies

Alison Singer 03/09/15

Conserving natural resources and the environment is an integral part of a socially just society. The big challenge is to make sure that decision-makers recognize this—and act on it.

The Right to Safe Schools

Gordon Brown
Project Syndicate

Gordon Brown wants schools to be as safe as hospitals bearing a red cross.

Empowering Women at the Grassroots

Dina Dublon, Marissa Wesely
Stanford Social Innovation Review

Initiatives to develop the economic potential of women many times leave locally rooted organizations behind.

Breaking Europe's Climate Change Stalemate

Graeme Sweeney
Project Syndicate

Graeme Sweeney argues that the European Union must abandon ideological rigidity and invest in carbon capture.

How We Think: Reflections on Thought in The Digital Age

Mikaela Bradbury 02/18/15

On why now I do not have Wi-Fi in my apartment and relegate the first portion of my day to undisrupted and immersive activities such as writing, research or sketching at home.

Cancer Care for the Developing World

Lawrence N. Shulman
Project Syndicate

Lawrence N. Shulman calls for a global effort to ensure access to cancer treatment in developing countries.

Scrappy Solutions

Suzie Boss
Stanford Social Innovation Review

A new regulation in Massachusetts (United States) aims to direct food waste away from landfills and toward more productive uses.

The Responsible Investor’s Guide to Climate Change

Jeffrey Sachs, Lisa Sachs
Project Syndicate

Jeffrey D. Sachs & Lisa Sachs make the case that fossil-fuel divestment is only one option.

Innovate or Stagnate

Project Syndicate 02/04/15

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum says that when governments become complacent, they meet the same fate as most companies.

Modi's Clean India Needs More Actions than Photo-ops

Prashanth Bhat
Policy Innovations

The Swachh Bharat campaign needs to become more than a mere slogan. Otherwise, it will end up being added to the long list of India's many paradoxes.

Civic Engagement: One Simple Solution to Youth Disconnection

Rebecca Rasch, Sarah Burd-Sharps, Kristen Lewis 02/02/15

New research points the way to targeting volunteer and other civic engagement opportunities for youth who are most in danger of falling through the cracks.

Socrates in Silicon Valley

Lucy P. Marcus
Project Syndicate

Has Silicon Valley lost its ethical compass? Lucy P. Marcus reflects on the tendency of the West Coast high-tech innovation hub to not examine itself.

New Life in Old Age

Joseph Jimenez
Project Syndicate

Joseph Jimenez suggests how health-care companies can help address the challenge of population aging.

Keystone XL: What's the Business Case?

RP Siegel

As the Senate gets ready to hold the vote on the Keystone XL Pipeline later this week, RP Siegel reflects on the reasons people have given to support the project.

Closing India's Technology Gap

Project Syndicate 01/12/15

Raghunath A. Mashelkar and Anu Madgavkar chart the tremendous social and economic gains the country would reap from a successful strategy.

Keep the Internet Tax-Free

Robert D. Atkinson, Ben Miller
Project Syndicate

Robert D. Atkinson & Ben Miller use a recently proposed Hungarian law to show why taxing digital technology is bad for growth.

Known Quantity

Stanford Social Innovation Review 12/22/14

To be effective, the work of philanthropy should be not just innovative but also cumulative.

Where Will All The Workers Go?

Nouriel Roubini
Project Syndicate

Nouriel Roubini worries that labor demand will not keep pace with technological innovation.

Secondary Schools' Primary Importance

Joel E. Cohen, Kamal Ahmad
Project Syndicate

Kamal Ahmad and Joel E. Cohen argue that post-primary education in the developing world benefits all levels of society.

The Oil Price Opportunity

Kemal Dervis
Project Syndicate

Kemal Derviş, vice president of the Brookings Institution, proposes that governments take advantage of falling oil prices to introduce an explicit carbon tax.

The Mantra of Delivery

Stanford Social Innovation Review 12/08/14

Four lessons for scaling social impact that arose from curing children's diarrhea in Bangladesh in the 1980s.

The Myth of Net-Zero Emissions

Project Syndicate 12/08/14

The carbon capture and storage solution fails to address the root causes of global warming, and risks the advance of the zero-emissions goal.

Only 9 Percent of Public Ready to Eat Less Meat to Fight Climate Change

chinadialogue 12/03/14

Meat and dairy production accounts for 14.5 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, yet majority of people are unwilling to change diets.

What You Need to Know About the UN Talks Ahead of Lima

chinadialogue 11/28/14

Some hard choices and compromises will be needed before a wide-ranging deal can be agreed at the UN summit in Paris in 2015.

National Security Babies

Anne-Marie Slaughter
Project Syndicate

Anne-Marie Slaughter identifies inadequate childcare as the number one threat facing the United States.

Is the 2015 Paris Conference the Last Chance to Save Our Planet?

chinadialogue 11/14/14

We have squandered the chance of keeping global warming below two-degree Celsius limit unless we take draconian action, says climate scientist Kevin Anderson.

Ebola and Inequality

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Joseph E. Stiglitz examines the lessons learned so far from the current crisis.

The Urban Village

Carlo Ratti, Matthew Claudel
Project Syndicate

Computational social science is showing why cities thrive. When a city doubles in size, every measure of economic activity increases by about 15 percent per capita.

Navigating Disruptions

Linda Heyer, Burkhard Gnärig
Stanford Social Innovation Review

Could Amnesty International, Greenpeace, or Oxfam be hit by disruption and disappear within a few years' time? International civil society organizations need to change their business models.

Why Taxation Must Go Global

Wolfgang Schäuble
Project Syndicate

International standards and enforcement could prevent tax evasion and avoidance.

Local Food Systems: A Green Way of Life, or a Luxury Only for Elites?

Feeding Nine Billion 10/28/14

While many celebrate salad greens, the local food movement is cultivating exclusivity and becoming less and less budget friendly.

Beyond Business as Usual

Richard Brubaker, Mike J. Thompson 10/27/14

Conducting business as usual is no longer good enough. Instead of finding ways to use society and the environment to be successful, companies must contribute to society and the environment in order to sustain success.

Ebola: What Went Wrong?

The Lancet Global Health 10/17/14

In a chronically underfunded global health system whose needs are so often eclipsed by issues of national insecurity and expediency, it is time to tackle Ebola strategically.

China Must Stop Building Car-Centered Cities

chinadialogue 10/17/14

Urban planner Peter Calthorpe calls for an end to China's car-centered approach to urban development, and offers alternatives

China Could Move First to Geoengineer the Climate

Olivia Boyd

As geoengineering advocates talk up the "technofix" approach to climate change, governments may start intervening unilaterally in earth's systems, says Clive Hamilton.

What Are the Ecological Costs of China’s Future Food Imports?

chinadialogue 10/09/14

China's growing agribusinesses and demand for soybeans and meat is bringing intensive farming and the risk of further deforestation in Brazil and beyond.

The Next Stage of Financial Inclusion

Dean Karlan
Stanford Social Innovation Review

Despite for-profit companies entering the microcredit market, nonprofits continue to serve a vital function when it comes to bringing financial services to those who need them most.

We Know It Works, So Let’s Keep Women’s Health Central in Global Development

Ann Starrs
The Lancet Global Health

Few investments reap such rewards such as those in women.

The Rise of the Robots

J. Bradford Delong
Project Syndicate

The question is not whether robots and computers will make human labor infinitely more productive, but whether the jobs outside of the robot-computer economy remain valuable and in high demand.

UN Population Growth Data is Bad News for Climate

chinadialogue 09/19/14

Most greenhouse-gas emissions and climate-change predictions have been based on the assumption that the planet's burden of humans will peak around 2050, and then begin a slow decline; but new analysis suggests an 80% probability global population will keep rising.

What Water's Worth

Asit K.Biswas, Ahmet C. Bozer
Project Syndicate

Are the current efforts to improve the management of water scarcity adequate? In countries such as India, the government's decision to provide free electricity for irrigation—in order to push production—has created a new problem: over-pumping.

Why the Non-Communicable Diseases Response Needs Universal Health Coverage

Chelsey R. Canavan, Jonathan S. Jay
The Lancet Global Health

Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is key for a future in which health systems respond effectively to epidemics.

Why Isn't Food a Public Good?

Jose Luis Vivero Pol 09/11/14

What would the world look like if we were to treat food as a public good or commons and not merely as a commodity?

Ice Buckets and Ebola

Abdulrahman M. El Sayed
Project Syndicate

Zhao Zhong: Lessons from the Bottom Up

John Haffner, Zhao Zhong 09/02/14

After an accident where nature nearly took his life, Zhao Zhong has been on a mission to protect the environment in his homeland of China.

A Storm in a Bucket: Lessons from the Ice Bucket Challenge Controversy

Kei Hiruta 08/22/14

Fun-based activism such as the Ice Bucket Challenge does not persuade you; it mobilizes you. That's why it's been so successful.

Health in a Time of Ebola

Prabhjot Singh
Project Syndicate

Efforts to respond to an epidemic should not undercut investment in community health workers. These medical staff are vital in areas where access to proper care and trust is limited.

Who Will Feed China’s Pigs? And Why Does It Matter to Us?

chinadialogue 08/18/14

A new generation of Chinese companies like the New Hope Group and COFCO are challenging the dominance of U.S. agribusiness as they seek to meet China's growing demand for food.

Rose Niu: Conservation on the Tipping Point

John Haffner, Rose Niu 08/15/14

Conservation in China is a long-term struggle that has only intensified with rapid economic growth. To bring degraded ecosystems back, the country needs ambitious plans and a new paradigm.

More Crop for the Drop

Henry I. Miller
Project Syndicate

As water scarcity increases, drought-stricken crops wither, and food prices rise, the need for resilient agriculture will become more obvious—and more urgent. With more rational public policy, we can meet that need now.

Toward Understanding Our World's Moral Landscape: Carnegie Council's Centennial Projects on a "Global Ethic"

Devin T. Stewart,
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs

What do leading thinkers believe to be the greatest ethical challenges of today and the future? Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart writes on the highlights of this interview series.

Bonds of the Diaspora

Mahmoud Mohieldin, Dilip Ratha
Project Syndicate

Remittances from international migrants account for a large percentage of GDP in developing countries. What are ways to make savings easier for these workers and their families?

Japan’s "'76ers" Gain Global Attention: New Liberal Elite Can Change Japan

Devin T. Stewart, 07/23/14

Change is coming to Japan. In this "Nikkei Business" interview, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow discusses his research on Japan's generation known as "76ers."

West Africa's Misguided War on Drugs

Kofi Annan
Project Syndicate

West Africa is increasingly enmeshed in the global drug trade. A new report from the West Africa Commission on Drugs calls for a different approach to drug abuse, one that treats it not as a criminal-justice issue, but rather as a public-health problem.

Urbanization and its Discontents: Educating Dhaka's Slum Children

Mabruk Kabir
World Bank

Dhaka, Bangladesh is one of the world's fastest growing cities due to urban migration. Children who end up living in its slums are 2.5 more likely to be excluded from school than the national average. How can we solve this inequity?

Does India Really Need a Women-centric Bank?

Raji Ajwani-Ramchandani 06/25/14

With plenty of banks and microfinance services already available, does India's new bank have the right strategy to empower poor and rural women?

Of Moonshots and Slingshots

Vinay Gupta 06/18/14

Only if policy people and technologists work together better will we change the world in ways that are congruent with our most critical human needs and planetary risks.

A Dangerous Dance in Modern Iran

Negar Rachel Treister 05/30/14

Any stirring of excitement about change in Iran needs to be tempered by the reality that change will never come from the current leadership.

3 Tools for Turning Fragile States into Inclusive Societies

Seth Kaplan 05/21/14

In Seth Kaplan's new book he identifies three tools for successful development in fragile states: social cohesion, an inclusive ideology, and incentives for elites.

Islamophobia Is Not Just a Western Problem

Kavitha Rajagopalan 05/14/14

The success of nationalists in India's election shows how easily an intricate social fabric can be rent for political purposes.

The Rebirth of Rwanda

Louise Mushikiwabo
Project Syndicate

Rwanda has made a lot of progress in the twenty years since the genocide, but the world is still not equipped to handle mass atrocities.

A United Front in the War for Wildlife

Simon Hedges
Wildlife Conservation Society

Conservationists need a unified approach to stop the illegal trade in wildlife: species protection, human development, good governance, and enforcement.

Forced Evictions Defeat the Spirit of Big Sporting Events

Priscila Néri

The evicted residents of Rio demand to be included in the benefits and the legacies of big tournaments like the World Cup and Olympics.

Building Resilience

Kavitha Rajagopalan 03/18/14

Now is the time for New York to take control of its aging infrastructure and set aside a fund for investing in and upgrading pipelines and buildings around the city.

Dogs Ally with Elephants in the Fight Against Illegal Ivory

Ruth Starkey
Wildlife Conservation Society

Sniffer dog teams are proving invaluable in the interdiction of illegal ivory and other wildlife parts as the contraband flows from Africa to Asia.

U.S.-China Cooperation and Planetary Resurgence

James Hansen 02/24/14

Agreement by China and the United States on rising internal carbon fees would be a planetary turning point, opening the door to global ascendancy of clean energies.

The Road to Car Safety

Carlos Ghosn
Project Syndicate

For the automobile industry to remain an instrument of progress, it must address the major issues of safety, clean energy, and affordability.

Poverty Is Never Just One Problem at a Time

Prahlad Shekhawat 11/25/13

Only a multidimensional approach can determine who is poor, how they are poor, and which deprivations they experience simultaneously. Indian policymakers need these details.

Multi-stakeholder Governance Seeks to Dislodge Multilateralism

Harris Gleckman 11/15/13

Multi-stakeholder consultations have gained support as a framework for solving global problems, but are they a legitimate stand-in for the multilateral system?

Forging India's New CSR Mandate

Raji Ajwani-Ramchandani 11/15/13

India may become the first country to enact compulsory spending on corporate social responsibility, but is it taking the right approach?

Stop Subsidizing Climate Change

Kevin Watkins
Project Syndicate

The inconsistencies between climate goals and energy policies are stark. Eliminating fossil-fuel subsidies would be one step in the right direction.

The Global Fund: Winning the Fight against Killer Diseases

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Our fight to eradicate the world's deadliest diseases hinges on a handful of world leaders providing aid for major public health projects.

Peace Pays for Itself

Steve Killelea
Institute for Economics and Peace

The global economic impact of violence in 2012 was estimated to be $9.5 trillion. Governments need a way to account for and recuperate these unproductive expenditures.

Combating Corruption in Liberia

Blair Glencorse 09/05/13

To give Liberia a better chance at cementing peace, those who care about the country's future should focus their thinking on the core elements of accountability.

POEM: Tomorrow's Child

Raji Ajwani-Ramchandani 08/20/13

This poem was written to convey the imperative of sustainability. As geographical lines blur due to trade and markets, so can ethics.

China's Dependency on Coal is "Suicidal": It's Diversify or Die

chinadialogue 07/25/13

Nuclear power, not shale gas, will ensure China's energy security, argues energy expert Gal Luft.

Disarm: Mexican Artist Transmutes Guns into Shovels and Sculpture

Pedro Reyes
Creative Time

Perhaps some social alchemy is needed to heal relations along the U.S.-Mexico border.

WEF Proposes a Public-Private United "Nations"

Harris Gleckman 06/18/13

The United Nations faces further erosion of authority if the World Economic Forum gets its way on global governance.

Mindsets May Hinder Progress in Myanmar

Devin T. Stewart,
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs

Great excitement surrounds Myanmar's future development, but several social obstacles threaten to derail its nascent democratization.

What the World Bank Does Not Understand About "Doing Business"

Seth Kaplan 06/03/13

The World Bank's research on Doing Business fails to focus on the obstacles that matter most to entrepreneurs in emerging markets.

Cybersecurity between the United States and China

Robert O'Brien, Shiran Shen 05/28/13

By focusing on the ethical underpinnings of cybersecurity, the United States and China can chart a path for addressing bilateral disputes.

A New Development Bank for Infrastructure and Sustainability

Nicholas Stern, Amar Bhattacharya, Mattia Romani, Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

The BRICs are financing infrastructure and sustainable development at home and in other developing countries.

Every Day We Put the State on Trial

Ai Weiwei
Creative Time

Art bears a unique responsibility in the search for truth, writes Ai Weiwei as he prepares a budding Chinese civil society to imagine change.

Social Covenants Must Precede Social Contracts

Seth Kaplan 04/09/13

Fragile states that do not first forge a social covenant will later find it difficult to codify justice in a social contract.

The Empowerment of Arab Women

Soraya Salti

Rising educational levels and increased Internet access is resulting in more female entrepreneurs in our region. More Arab businesswomen are gaining regional and global recognition.

United States Takes India to the WTO over Domestic Solar

Shakuntala Makhijani
Worldwatch Institute

Rather than engaging in trade disputes, the United States should establish its own solar capacity targets to stimulate additional demand for solar equipment.

Will Global Voluntarism Supersede Rule of Law?

Harris Gleckman 03/22/13

The World Economic Forum is advocating a move toward coalitions of the willing and able for solving global problems. Will it work?

Can NASA Stop Global Warming?

Jim Hartung
Project Syndicate

NASA needs a compelling mission that is relevant to current global affairs. Obama should apply NASA expertise to questions of geoengineering.

What I Talk About When I Talk About Sustainability

Josh Lasky 02/06/13

The ease with which sustainability rolls off the tongue these days far surpasses our understanding of it or our implementation. A few changes in attitude could be helpful.

The Asian Century: Over Before It Even Began

Devin T. Stewart, 01/03/13

Between territorial disputes, cultural incoherence, and divided views on the role of the state, don't expect an Asian Century to start anytime soon, says Devin T. Stewart.

Innovation Crisis or Financial Crisis?

Kenneth Rogoff
Project Syndicate

Is humanity running out of ideas, or just easy access to credit? Kenneth Rogoff critiques Garry Kasparov on whether technology has stagnated.

Send Salads to Ethiopia, and Solar Panels to Senegal

Todd Moss
Center for Global Development

We wouldn't send salads as food relief to a starving country, so why is the Overseas Private Investment Corporation doing the equivalent in the energy sector?

As Asia Waltzes Forward on Two Right Feet, America Fixates on the Middle East

James Farrer 11/20/12

The United States can be effective in its pivot toward Asia by using its influence to help resolve territorial disputes and defuse the rightward lurch in China and Japan.

The Energy of Society: What's at Stake this Election

Eric Zencey 11/01/12

This election gives us a choice between two clearly different paths. Will we take the first halting steps toward developing a sustainable civilization, or will we stay the course with infinite-planet economics?

Cities and Climate Change: Small Enough to Act, Big Enough to Matter

Shin-pei Tsay 10/09/12

As geographies of innovation and sites of citizen power, cities have become the critical link in global efforts to deal with climate change.

Boat Migrants to Australia Deserve Their Refugee Rights

Christian Barry, Jonathan Simon 10/01/12

Asylum seekers who come to Australia by boat have been accused of jumping the queue in the immigration process, but are they really gaining an unfair advantage?

Finding the Keys to National Prosperity

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Swedish pensions. Canadian health care. Costa Rican happiness. American science. By opening our eyes to policy successes abroad, we would speed the path to national improvement in countries around the world.

A Hippocratic Oath for Future Development Policy

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

The successor program to the Millennium Development Goals should emphasize policies beyond aid and trade that might have a greater impact on development in poor countries.

How Academia Has Failed the Development Field

Seth Kaplan 08/29/12

The hyper-quantification of economics has encouraged an erroneous belief that politics and institutions do not matter. To fix this we must create a separate academic profession focused on political development, and the politics of development.

Do Language Policies Contribute to Poverty and Underdevelopment?

Seth Kaplan 07/27/12

In least developed countries, language policy should aim to increase education, productivity, and cohesion, yet many countries have policies that work against these aims.

The Global Imagination of Protest

Anya Schiffrin, Eamon Kircher-Allen
Project Syndicate

These were not just political revolutions. They were also revolutions of ideas, the globalization of protest as a strategy. Where the movements' gains are uncertain, the connectivity that they created is likely to endure.

Globalizing Censorship

Geoffrey Cain 06/28/12

Consent of the Network by Rebecca MacKinnon is a must-read on how businesses and governments wield influence over the Internet.

Tired of Waiting for a 21st Century Trade Agreement

Kevin Gallagher

A leaked version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement reveals that the United States continues to buck a broad consensus in favor of allowing members to regulate global finance.

Green from the Grassroots

Elinor Ostrom
Project Syndicate

Sustainability at local and national levels must add up to global sustainability. This idea must form the bedrock of national economies and constitute the fabric of our societies.

Principle vs. Practicality: A Closer Look at the Ethics of Climate Change Adaptation Finance

Leif Wenar 06/01/12

Mixing the principles of causality, vulnerability, and ability to pay into the negotiations over climate change adaptation is unnecessarily complicated. There are moral and political reasons to opt for a simpler approach.

Why a Focus on Inequality in Fragile States Is Wrong

Seth Kaplan 05/09/12

Many in the development field think that reducing inequality in poor countries should be a high priority, but this reflects a misunderstanding of the problems poor people face in fragile states, and the steps that would help them.

After Austerity

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

There is no example of a large economy recovering as a result of austerity. Meanwhile, society's most valuable asset, its human capital, gets wasted and destroyed. Fortunately, there are alternative strategies.

A Moral Argument against the War on Drugs

Julian Savulescu, Bennett Foddy 04/10/12

The right to pursue pleasure gives us reason to legalize drugs, while addiction and self-harm fail to warrant prohibition.

Are Values a Lost Cause?

Mary C. Gentile 03/30/12

We are always alone with our values before we express them. Greg Smith bravely voiced his concerns when he resigned from Goldman Sachs. He was at a point of no return, but others can develop the skills to navigate tough choices within their organizations.

Innovation Is Not Enough: Why Polluters Must Pay

Gernot Wagner
Yale Environment 360

Innovative energy technologies are necessary for the world to curb carbon emissions, but they are not sufficient: We must also cap emissions or put a price on carbon in order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

Drop the Free-Trade Blinders

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

Too many tone-deaf economists attribute concerns about globalization to crass protectionist motives or ignorance, even when there are genuine ethical issues at stake.

Why Smaller Humans Are in Our Future

Thomas T. Samaras 02/28/12

There is no doubt that increased human size threatens human survival. Taller people require more resources and food, water and energy to function within the same lifestyle as smaller, proportionately lighter people.

U.S. Free Trade Agreement Won't Benefit Colombia

Kevin Gallagher

The now-official U.S.–Colombia Free Trade Agreement will dampen growth and make it harder for Colombia to put in place policies for innovation and industrialization, writes Kevin Gallagher. Colombia will also have fewer tools to confront financial instability.

The Nigerian Crucible

Ike Okonta
Project Syndicate

With a corrupt and rudderless government, Africa's most populous country has resumed its dance on the edge of the precipice. Its poor and powerless citizens are demanding transparency and accountability.

Japanese Energy Policy After Fukushima

Paul J. Scalise 12/21/11

Can Japan afford to maintain a nuclear-free society in the short-to-medium term without risk of rolling blackouts or energy insecurity?

The Globalization of Protest

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

The protesters are asking for a democracy where people matter more than profits, and a market economy that delivers what it is supposed to within a frame of appropriate regulations.

Occupation: Rediscovering Democracy in Revolution

Mehmet Dosemeci 10/19/11

By showing us the possibility of democracy in revolution, the occupations of 2011 have ignited a revolution in democracy, one that is redefining the meaning of both terms.

The Instability of Inequality

Nouriel Roubini
Project Syndicate

Any economic model that does not properly address inequality will eventually face a crisis of legitimacy. Unless the relative economic roles of the market and the state are rebalanced, the protests of 2011 will become more severe.

Globalization's (Local) Government

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

The world's most successful economies today use high taxes to finance a high level of government services, balancing high prosperity with social justice and environmental sustainability.

Sustainability in China: More than Winning a Cleantech War

Richard Brubaker 09/29/11

While the global sustainability discussion is focused on carbon emissions, the Chinese people will continue working on problems that are tangible for them, such as health and safety.

Mining a Grave Concern in Guatemala's Election

Kathryn M. Martorana 09/09/11

Strong natural resource management is essential for a young democracy, yet Guatemala's human rights advocates face death threats after a failed presidential debate on mining.

Don't Build Keystone XL, the Pipeline to Nowhere

Evan O'Neil 08/15/11

Higher gas prices, negligible energy security, more global warming: The logic stacks up against extending the Keystone tar sands pipeline. Will Secretary Clinton deny the permit?

The Manufacturing Imperative

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

We may live in a post-industrial age, in which information technologies, biotech, and high-value services have become drivers of economic growth, but countries ignore the health of their manufacturing industries at their peril.

Moral Progress through Animal Welfare

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

Charting the progress of animal-welfare legislation around the world provides an indication of moral progress more generally.

Greening the Gold Standard

Saleem H. Ali 07/14/11

From an ecological perspective, the gold standard has the attraction of linking economic growth to natural resource constraints, as well as the ability to instill financial discipline.

Tinkering With Our Ethical Chemistry

Guy Kahane
Project Syndicate

Humans have a limited innate capacity to deal with the ethical complexities of the modern world. Should we use the science of human morality to make people morally better?

Generous India

Shashi Tharoor
Project Syndicate

India's strength as an aid provider is that it is not an over-developed power, but rather one whose own experience of development is both recent and familiar.

Will Cost Kill Future Nuclear?

Roland Kupers
Project Syndicate

The strongest argument for why a nuclear renaissance is neither likely nor necessary? Cost.

Ai Weiwei: The Sunflower Revolutionary

Ma Jian
Project Syndicate

The arrest of artist Ai Weiwei shows how China's relentless economic rise brings with it a decadence of civilization. The feast of new wealth is accompanied by a famine of morality.

Obama's Tricky Trip to El Salvador

Kevin Gallagher

Coming into office, Obama seemed to be in tune with Latin America in terms of economic policy, but the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations indicate an about-face.

There's No Such Thing as Ethical Oil

Evan O'Neil 03/22/11

Canada is digging itself a dirty energy destiny in the Athabasca oil sands, while its customer America continues to dither on reducing demand.

The Mauritius Miracle

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Mauritians have chosen a path that leads to higher levels of social cohesion, welfare, and economic growth... with lower inequality, and free education and health care.

Is Famine the New Norm?

Jim Harkness
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

If we truly consider world hunger an abomination, and not merely an investment opportunity, big changes need to be made in food policy.

Globalization Is Over

Harold James
Project Syndicate

Has the rhetoric surrounding globalization, for or against, been so neutralized as to lose all force?

Latin America's China Challenge

Kevin Gallagher

China's growth has been a great boon to Latin America in the short-term. It is up to Latin American nations to translate these short-term gains into longer-run economic development.

The US Should Flex Green Power

Kevin Gallagher 01/11/11

Instead of trying to beat China down, the United States should pursue its own green jobs policy and reform the WTO rules to allow countries to combat climate change.

The Paradox of Efficiency

Bjørn Lomborg
Project Syndicate

The more efficient we get at using something, the more of it we are likely to use. Efficiency doesn't reduce consumption; it increases it.

Rare Earths Diplomacy

Sean Daly 11/12/10

The world should expect China to leverage its dominance in rare earth elements to climb up the manufacturing value chain and build green technologies in its push to modernize.

The Untapped Potential of Japanese Civil Society

Jeff Kingston 10/29/10

Civil society in Japan is far more vibrant than it was 20 years ago, yet a discouraging regulatory environment continues to stifle the sector's potential.

Recycling Global Imbalances

Korkut Ertürk 10/13/10

Is the United States at long last getting serious about global imbalances, or are we risking currency wars that can end in unmitigated disaster for all?

Building Biotic Peace

Saleem H. Ali
United Nations University

It is high time that UN negotiators overcome their visceral reluctance to link ecology and peace-building.

Can We Save the MDGs?

Shashi Tharoor
Project Syndicate

The Millennium Development Goals will fall short of the finishing line if the developed world doesn't fulfill its promise of an open, rule-based, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.

Japan's Media Dinosaurs Struggle to Adapt

Mark Austin 08/19/10

Clearly, a tectonic shift is under way in Japan's media world. But how fast are the plates moving, and will traditional media be able to adapt to the "Web 2.0" world, in which Internet users play an active role in generating and sharing content?

China's State Capitalism Poses Ethical Challenges

Ian Bremmer, Devin T. Stewart

In China, robust growth is a good thing, as long as it doesn't undermine the leadership's monopoly hold on political power. The Chinese leadership will respect labor rights when necessary and ignore them when possible.

Convicts for Export

Brahma Cellaney
Project Syndicate

China has devised a novel strategy to relieve pressure on its overcrowded prisons: employ convicts as laborers on overseas projects in the developing world.

A Renewable Energy and Efficiency Transformation

Roy Morrison 07/19/10

The Declaration of Support for an Efficient Renewable Energy Future calls for moving quickly to understand how a renewable power system can be optimized technically, economically, and ecologically. If not us, who? If not now, when?

Reverse Outsourcing

Nayan Chanda
YaleGlobal Online

France has long complained about jobs shifting to low-wage nations like China, but Europe's rising unemployment combined with rising wages in China have led Chinese manufacturers to open assembly plants in France.

Can Ethics Save Investors?

Robert Dannhauser 06/28/10

It is time for ethical conduct to graduate from being a cost of doing business associated with compliance, to a more prominent role as a standard business practice.

Pragmatic Overdose

Evan O'Neil 06/22/10

The Obama administration is trying to redefine and energize U.S. global development policy, but so far their vision lacks creativity and clear ethics.

Free Trade Apologetics

Mark Engler

Bill Clinton apologized earlier this year for trade policies that crushed Haitian rice production, yet in the Arkansas primary election he defended similar tactics. What does this flip-flop tell us about the globalization debate?

Foundations Are Free to Innovate

David Speedie 06/01/10

Charitable and philanthropic foundations hold a uniquely privileged position in society. With the right mix of daring and rigor they can spark real creativity among their grantees.

Dry China

Orville Schell
Project Syndicate

To compensate for a drying climate, China has launched an array of costly projects, but can science and technology really solve problems that are not caused by China alone?

Obama's ASEAN Policy Looks Auspicious

Sean Daly 05/19/10

American diplomacy in Southeast Asia should strengthen ASEAN's regional prominence and push for an international forum to resolve territorial disputes in the South China Sea.

Review: The End of the Free Market

Devin T. Stewart 05/12/10

State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.

The Ethics of Citizenship Tests

Project Syndicate 04/27/10

Over the last decade, tests and exams for immigrants have proliferated, and so have controversies over what the tests may legitimately ask.

The Fate of the Paperless

Sofia Karlsson 04/21/10

Detention centers are on the rise as a means to control illegal immigration, while reports of human rights abuse and rising financial costs call into question their effectiveness.

Is Japan Tilting toward China?


While China-Japan relations have improved, the United States will remain at the core of Japanese foreign policy and the two countries will learn to manage their relationship in the post-LDP era.

Rage against Virtual Rape

Kei Hiruta 04/08/10

It is up to the Japanese to decide what regulations the nation wants to prescribe for sex industry software.

Promises, Promises: The Two Faces of Japan's New Government

Paul J. Scalise 04/01/10

Contradictions within the Democratic Party of Japan and the Hatoyama cabinet threaten to upset the expected July upper house elections and lead to further political fragmentation and economic stagnation.

Obama's "New" Trade Policy: What Happened to Multilateralism?

Kevin Gallagher 03/22/10

The Obama administration's new trade agenda shows little consideration for developing countries and may hurt the United States in the long run.

The End of an Era in Finance

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

What happened on February 19 was a revolution in economics. On that day, the International Monetary Fund reversed its long-held position on capital controls.

Toyota Is a Symptom of Japan's Decline

Devin T. Stewart 03/10/10

Toyota's fall from grace caps a 20-year economic malaise that is infecting the popular culture, manifesting itself in a preference for staying home, avoiding risk.

Japan's Slow-Motion Crisis

Kenneth Rogoff
Project Syndicate

Japan's ability to trudge on in the face of huge adversity is admirable, but the risks of crisis ahead are surely greater than bond markets seem to recognize.

Confronting Culture in Congo

Saleem H. Ali 02/24/10

It is high time the international community confront the elephant in the room when talking about Congo and violence against women worldwide -- culture.

The Future of Capitalism and Danger of Returning to Business as Usual

Jean-Marc Coicaud, Zhang Jin
United Nations University Office at the UN, New York

When it comes to making sense of international finance and economics, the era of so-called scientific certainties is over. To address the structural challenges the world faces now, we need to explore the feasibility of global public policy.

The Evolution of Revolution

Rita J. King
Dancing Ink Productions

Revolution is hard work, and lethal. Social media has a communicative role to play in the sophisticated design of systems that will undermine human suffering and solve the "day after" problems of deposing a dictatorship.

The New Golden Age

strategy+business 02/17/10

The history of investment and technology suggests that economic recovery is closer than you think, with a new silicon-based global elite at the helm.

Haiti and the Rules of Generosity

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

Why do people give generously to earthquake victims, but not to prevent the much larger number of deaths brought about by extreme poverty, insufficient food, unsafe water, lack of sanitation, and the absence of even the most basic healthcare?

Euroland Crucified Upon Its Own Cross of Gold

Thomas Palley 02/12/10

As a form of automatic stabilizer, the European Central Bank should establish annual country loan quotas set according to each country's economic size and output gap.

Obama's Grade on Trade: B

Mark Engler
Foreign Policy In Focus

Beyond the uncertain fate of trade agreements left over from the Bush years, President Obama has yet to implement the promises for trade reform he made on the campaign trail.

Immigration Administration Control in Japan

Hiroshi Kimizuka 02/03/10

Japanese immigration policy seeks to balance the needs of migrants and refugees with the harmonious functioning of Japanese industry, society, and employment.

Managed Rights, Managed Migration

Midori Okabe 01/26/10

While international migration is yet to be seen as an international public good, the international regime for orderly movement of people may eventually become a norm comparable to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Englishization of Higher Education in Asia and Migratory Flows of International Students

Kosaku Yoshino 01/26/10

The Malaysian case of English-medium higher education represents what may be called a postcolonial pattern of English-mediated globalization wherein the old center-periphery arguments of linguistic imperialism are no longer tenable.

Linking Ethics and Self-Interest in Human Mobility

Michele Wucker 01/26/10

The ethical and self-interested choice in migration policy is to seek liberalized and rationalized migration that combines positive incentives with clear and fair entry criteria that take into account the needs of host and sending countries alike.

The Ethics of Undocumented Migration

Gracia Liu-Farrer 01/25/10

Using fieldwork data through participant observation and interviews, this paper explains the causes of undocumented migration out of Fujian and explores the ethical frameworks within which Fujian undocumented migrants operate.

Cosmopolitanism as Virtue

James Farrer 01/21/10

Without high levels of migration, and a related ethical commitment to cosmopolitanism, nation-states will fail to develop the individual and collective virtues suitable to "living well" in a global society.

The Capabilities Approach and Collective Ownership of the Earth

Mathias Risse 01/21/10

If people of a particular country are using more than their proportionate share of the collectively owned planet, they should allow for immigration.

Precarious Lives

Mark Raper 01/21/10

If existing refugee protection and international humanitarian regimes are already under serious strain, how can global cooperation be extended for the protection of vulnerable persons displaced by climate change?

Reconciling an Ethical Immigration Policy with the Nation-state Myth

Devin T. Stewart 01/20/10

Don't we, as collective owners and stewards of the Earth, have a basic right to move? Indeed, the right to move is necessary to realize basic human rights such as the right to life, food, and work.

The Ethics of Language Choice in Immigration

Florian Coulmas 01/20/10

Should language rights be understood as collective rights or individual rights? Do language rights entail active endorsement of immigrant languages on the part of the state, or only passive toleration in the private sphere?

Immigration as a Source of Renewal in Japan

John Haffner 01/19/10

Despite the many potential benefits of more immigration in Japan -- economic, cultural, global -- the country is likely to do little more than tinker with its immigration levels.

Obama's Jet Plane Diplomacy

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Blame for the failure of Copenhagen falls on a lot of shoulders, yet Obama took a swipe at international law by abandoning the UN framework in favor of U.S. power and domestic politics.

Ending War in Our Lifetimes?

Didier Jacobs 12/17/09

President Obama will need to discard old foreign policy doctrines and steer with a more global moral compass to meet the vision of eradicating war in our lifetime.

Too Big to Exist

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Banks that are too big to fail are too big to exist. If they continue to exist, they must exist in a heavily regulated "utility" model.

Of Mountains and Minarets

Ian Buruma
Project Syndicate

Attributing the Swiss vote on banning minarets to "Islamophobia" misses the point. It was not so long ago that the majority of citizens in the Western world had their own unquestioned symbols of collective faith and identity.

To Stop Terrorism, Trade Fairly

John Perkins
Yes! Magazine

Our children's futures are interlocked with the futures of children born in the fishing villages of Somalia, the mountains of Burma, and the jungles of Colombia, yet we're hung up on one loaded word: terrorist.

Will China Emerge Greener from the Global Economic Downturn?

Leo Horn-Phathanothai 11/17/09

The economic downturn presents China with a historic opportunity to reorient its economy to a more stable and sustainable path, but emerging evidence from the green stimulus is discouraging.

A Close Relationship Requires Compromise

Edward J. Lincoln 11/13/09

The most important accomplishment of President Obama's trip to Japan would be to reassure Prime Minister Hatoyama that the tensions around Marine Corps Air Station Futenma will not interfere with the overall bilateral relationship.

More Walls to Fall

Mikhail Gorbachev
Project Syndicate

Addressing climate change demands a paradigm shift on a scale akin to that required to end the Cold War. There is not just one wall to topple, but many.

The Persistence of Eurasia

Christopher Marsh, Nikolas K. Gvosdev 11/05/09

Nearly two decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States must confront the reality that Eurasia remains a very Russia-centric region.

King Coal's Climate Train Wreck

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

The United States has proved the biggest climate laggard in the world, refusing to sign the 1997 Kyoto Protocol or to adopt any effective domestic emissions controls. This inaction boils down to one word: coal.

Light at the End of the Tunnel, But Where To?

Korkut Ertürk 10/23/09

Current U.S. policy amounts to fighting the slump by trying to return to business as usual even though it is recognized that U.S. private consumption can no longer be the engine of growth, and rising fiscal deficits pose a problem.

The Paradox of Securitization

Ann Rutledge 10/19/09

The financial crisis has demonstrated that if we are going to act responsibly and make sound economic decisions from inside the capitalist framework, we need new models that deal with fraud risk.

Stand Up for Planetary Justice on October 24

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

What we are doing to our planet, to our children and grandchildren, and to the poor, by our heedless production of greenhouse gases, is one of the great moral wrongs of our age. On October 24, you can stand up against this injustice.

Trading Horses, Smiling Panda

Noreena Hertz
Project Syndicate

Although cuts in CO2 emissions and agreement on funding and finance are necessary goals, the geopolitical reality is that climate change negotiations cannot be decoupled from trade and other major international discussions.

The Rise of Climate Protectionism

Martin Khor
South Centre

A new and dangerous form of trade and technology protectionism is fast emerging in the name of climate change, and it is poisoning North-South relations in two negotiating arenas.

Informal Economy Pulls Migrants to Europe

Sofia Karlsson 10/07/09

Politicians are unwilling to admit that the informal economy provides low-paying work for paperless migrants in Southern Europe, and that border control is impotent without addressing inequality.

Think Again: Japan's Revolutionary Election

Paul J. Scalise, Devin T. Stewart
Foreign Policy

Don't believe the hype about Japan's new ruling party and the supposed revolution it is launching. As the new government completes its first month in office, all signs point to more of the same old stagnation in Tokyo.

Japan's Electoral Tide Washes in a New Era

James Farrer

The LDP's six decades of nearly unbroken governance shaped the post-war politics of not only Japan but also east Asia as a whole. The DPJ's watershed victory opens the prospect of a new era regionally and domestically.

China: Failure is Not an Option

Nathan Slee 09/01/09

A stable and prosperous China will continue to bring enormous opportunities, both economically and diplomatically, for the United States. To advance its own interests, the United States needs to be a partner in China's quest for stability.

China Should Be a Leading Light on Climate

Ban Ki-moon
Project Syndicate

In advance of his planned trip to the North Pole, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaks out on China's potential and responsibility to lead on clean energy.

Wise Power: How an aging Japan can maintain influence


Soft power is an aging Japan's best path to maintain international influence.

"No Compromise in Defense of the Earth"


December 31, 2020 -- Dear Colleagues, Supporters, and Friends, I hereby resign as president of the Reputable Mainstream Environmental Lobbying Organization. The global political will necessary to thwart catastrophic climate change has not materialized. I hold myself partially responsible.

UN Leads on Global Reserve System Reform

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Whether the United States likes it or not, the dollar reserve system is fraying. The question is whether we move to an alternative system in a haphazard or a structured way. The UN is blazing this path.

American Sugar Policy Leaves a Sour Taste

Matt Peterson
Public Ethics Media

As evidenced by the minor flap last week over the tariff provision that snuck into the American Clean Energy and Security Act, trade decisions are being actively contested by our political leaders. It's critical to scrutinize the new administration as it quietly gears up its agriculture and trade policies.

Institutional Trappings

Alan Fox 07/02/09

The institutionalization of religion seems symptomatic of the human tendency to mistrust our own intuitions, which can result in an abdication of responsibility.

Iran's Revolution Will Come, But This Isn't It

Negar Rachel Treister 06/24/09

Despite the similarities between the June 2009 protests and those of 1979, speculation that this round will spark another revolution is premature.

A New Vision for Globalization

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

The conundrum of global reform is that the proposals that go far enough, such as establishing a global financial regulator, are wildly unrealistic, while those that are realistic, such as reform of the IMF, fall far short of what is needed. What we need is a vision of globalization that is fully cognizant of its limits.

China in Action on Climate Change

Project Syndicate 06/08/09

Chinese government official Zhenhua Xie describes China's philosophy and progress in the fight to curtail climate change.

North Korea Nuke Test Makes Nuclear Abolition More Important Than Ever

Joe Copeland
Yes! Magazine

President Obama and other nations' leaders will need the support of an informed, engaged public if they are to create meaningful progress toward nuclear disarmament.

Deterrence Beats Diplomacy on North Korea

Robert Dujarric 05/29/09

There are enormous limits as to what Japan, South Korea, and the United States could do about North Korea even if China agreed to follow their diplomatic lead. Stronger sanctions may indeed bring down the Kim Jong Il regime, but that is the outcome everyone really wishes to avoid.

What's Wrong with Diplomacy in Damascus

Seth Kaplan 05/27/09

The Obama administration has reversed former President George W. Bush's isolationist policies toward Syria, but has little to show for it. The government will need a more comprehensive approach to loosen Syria's ties to Iran and terrorist networks.

A De-Globalized World?

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

Even with the worst of the crises over, we are likely to find ourselves in a somewhat de-globalized world, one in which international trade grows at a slower pace, there is less external finance, and rich countries' appetite for running large current-account deficits is significantly diminished. Developing countries will have to substitute real industrial policies for those that operate through the exchange rate.

Our Biology Makes Us All Truly Equal

Robert Pollack, Amy Pollack 05/19/09

Any brain can imagine, learn, teach, remember, or forget any idea, regardless of the ancestry of the person whose mind is emergent in that brain, and regardless of whether that idea reflects the facts of nature. Perhaps the most self-serving and punitive example of such a dreamt idea is the notion that "genes are destiny." They are not.

Lightweight Japan

Edward J. Lincoln 05/04/09

Should we be pleased that Japan is gradually stepping up to its responsibilities in global security, or are there better ways for it to help provide global public goods?

Water Wars

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Many of the global security hotspots lie in a great arc of arid lands where water scarcity is leading to failed crops, dying livestock, extreme poverty, and desperation.

Can Japan Thrive?

Michael Auslin 04/28/09

Indecisive politics and economic crisis plague Japan. Yet the Japanese social fabric has so far been strong enough to absorb long-term social, economic, and political changes. What type of country will emerge from the rubble?

A Blight on the Nation: Slavery in Today's America

Ron Soodalter 04/27/09

Certain things we know to be true. We know that the South kept slaves, and the North fought a righteous war of liberation. We know that the slave trade was legal right up to the Civil War. We know that the Emancipation Proclamation freed all the slaves, and that the United States has been slavery-free ever since. These things we know –- and none of it is true.

The G-20's Global Hit-and-Run

Christian Barry, Matt Peterson
Public Ethics Media

The economic crisis has been compared to familiar catastrophes such as the sinking Titanic and a tsunami. But the car crash analogy works much better for moral judgments about who should bear the costs of the financial crisis.

Homo sociens and the New Ecological Growth Economy

Peter David Pedersen 04/15/09

What does it mean to build an economy on sound ecological principles? It means that all forms of business and other human activity will be directed toward a truly cyclical use of resources, zero carbon emissions, and restoration and reinvestment in natural capital.

Developing Countries and the Global Crisis

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

This global crisis requires a global response, but, unfortunately, responsibility for responding remains at the national level. Each country will try to design its stimulus package to maximize the impact on its own citizens.

Decouple the World from the Dollar

Korkut Ertürk 04/09/09

We have to wean the world off its dependence on U.S. overspending without sticking the United States and the world economy in a depression, says Korkut Erturk. A credible plan to achieve that would involve figuring out a way to drive a wedge between the global dollars accumulated in foreign reserves and the domestic dollars that the United States will be creating at a much faster clip.

A Time to Dare

George Soros
Project Syndicate

When the history of this crisis is written, it will be recorded that protectionism first prevailed in finance rather than trade. Now, the G-20 must pull together assistance for poorer countries on the periphery, including IMF Special Drawing Rights.

Networked Leaders

Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Project Syndicate

Different types of networks provide new forms of power, and require different styles of leadership. Barack Obama understands this and is adapting leadership to a more networked world.

China Reluctant to Lead

Orville Schell
YaleGlobal Online

By inviting China to form a new partnership, the United States has in effect challenged China to emerge from its cautious cocoon of self-reliance and embrace a leadership role befitting its wealth and power and new global reach.

How to Fail to Recover

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Given state budgetary constraints, tax cuts, and the depth of the recession, Obama's recovery efforts are falling short of what's needed to revive financial markets -- with important lessons for countries facing similar problems around the world.

Shallow Cuts

Christian Barry, Matt Peterson
Public Ethics Media

British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline was lauded in recent headlines for the announcement that it would voluntarily act to improve access to medicines in developing countries. But will GSK's measures really enhance the health of the global poor?

Firewalls Are Just Another Tool in the Box

Rebecca MacKinnon, Evgeny Morozov
Project Syndicate

As contemporary authoritarian regimes learn how to manage and engineer information flows, we must understand that promoting and protecting free speech in places like China and Russia is not a simple matter of "tearing down the wall."

Time to Nationalize Insolvent Banks

Nouriel Roubini
Project Syndicate

Paradoxically, nationalizing banks may be friendlier to the market than other solutions: It wipes out common and preferred shareholders of clearly insolvent institutions while providing a fair upside to the taxpayer. The current U.S. and British approach may end up producing Japanese-style zombie banks -- never properly restructured and perpetuating a credit freeze.

Discard the Top-down Strategy in Somalia

Seth Kaplan 02/18/09

Instead of repeatedly trying to foist a Western style top-down state structure on a deeply decentralized society, the international community should work with Somalia's long-standing traditional institutions to build a bottom-up government.

The New Ethic of Public Diplomacy

Joshua S. Fouts 02/18/09

With President Obama's choice for under secretary of public diplomacy still unknown, it's hard to gauge where strategic communications are headed. But in the era of new media, information warfare and "messaging" can't continue to outrank authentic and ethical communication among cultures.

Davos Man's Depression

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

The economic crisis raises fundamental questions about globalization, which was supposed to help diffuse risk. Instead, it enabled America's failures to spread around the world, like a contagious disease. The worry at Davos this year was that a retreat from even our flawed globalization would hurt poor countries the most.

Slumdog Paradox

Sadanand Dhume
YaleGlobal Online

Slumdog Millionaire is a metaphor for India and its emergence in the age of globalization. It touches a national sore spot by revealing the chasm between India's self-perception and any reasonable measure of its success.

Does Legalizing Prostitution Work?

Project Syndicate 02/03/09

How does the Dutch policy of legalizing prostitution compare with the Swedish approach of decriminalizing the sale of sex and naming and shaming the clients?

Time to Cash Out

Matthew Hennessey 02/03/09

Widespread adoption of electronic forms of payment will depend heavily on trust, but it could close some loopholes and jolt the world economy.

Is Ethical Capitalism Possible?

Devin T. Stewart 01/21/09

How can business models become more sustainable? Fortunately, global human civilization has all the moral tools it needs.

China's Best Hope

Ian Buruma
Project Syndicate

On December 10, the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, more than 300 Chinese citizens, ranging from law professors to businessmen, farmers, and even some government officials, put their names to a remarkable document, entitled Charter 08.

China's Diplomacy Contradicts Power Politics

Chong-Pin Lin 01/09/09

Beijing's patient approach toward Taiwan has become an integral part of its global strategy, one characterized by confidence and an emphasis on using non-military instruments such as diplomacy, economy, culture, and psychology.

Humanity's Stake in Gaza

Project Syndicate 01/09/09

If the Fertile Crescent is not to become a futile crescent, we must wake up and find the moral courage and political vision for a quantum leap in Palestine.

China Rediscovers Ethics in Foreign Policy

Harry Harding 01/06/09

As the Chinese gradually rediscover the need to introduce ethical considerations into their foreign policy, what will those considerations be?

Obama Could Miss the Bus on Raising Gas Tax

Evan O'Neil 12/18/08

Fighting the climate crisis will be as much about new incentives as about new technologies, and there are few incentives as reliable as price. Will Obama miss a crucial opportunity to raise the federal gasoline tax?

The Triumphant Return of John Maynard Keynes

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Keynes argued not only that markets are not self-correcting, but that in a severe downturn, monetary policy was likely to be ineffective. Fiscal policy was required. But not all fiscal policies are equivalent.

Raising the Bar for Hedge Funds


Calls for strict oversight of hedge funds have grown recently, particularly since the arrest of trader Bernard Madoff and other high-profile fraud cases. While new financial regulations may be necessary, establishing internal ethical standards at hedge funds is also crucial, argue Plantan and Goldstein.

Thinking Outside the Bicycle

Philip G. Cerny 12/10/08

As the Doha Round drags on in the shadow of the financial crisis, a splattering of bilateral and regional agreements could push convergence on socially sensitive forms of trade liberalization.

A Sustainable Recovery

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

President-elect Barack Obama will have to guide the American economy through recession with a clear global vision on trade imbalances, technologies, and public budgets.

Terror in Mumbai: Two Faces of Globalization

Sadanand Dhume
YaleGlobal Online

In many ways, the victims of the carnage in Mumbai represent the integration of markets, peoples and ideas captured by that catchall word -- globalization.

Corporate Social License and Community Consent

Keith Slack 11/21/08

Moving beyond "social license" to respecting the principle of consent can be an effective way for companies and communities to control risks and create mutual benefits.

What Should Bretton Woods II Look Like?

Jose Antonio Ocampo
Project Syndicate

The agenda for international financial reform must include a global system for prudential regulation, an international debt court, and a revamped IMF managing a global reserve currency.

Don't Super Size the IMF

Kenneth Rogoff
Project Syndicate

Now is the time to sharpen the IMF's role as an interlocutor between lenders and developing country borrowers, not to ramp up IMF lending on a long-term basis.

Big Green Jobs Machine

Ban Ki-moon
Project Syndicate

Only a global embrace of green growth offers the world an enduring prospect of long-term social well-being and prosperity.

Financial Crisis Hurts U.S. Soft Power

Susan Aaronson 10/29/08

The financial crisis could spell the end of America's global economic leadership, but working with other nations and building new institutions of governance may reinvigorate American influence.

A Slick Solution for Oil Markets

Susan Aaronson 10/16/08

Although oil prices are declining, the global oil market is out of whack and prices remain high, causing economic suffering around the world. To get things back on track, policymakers will have to attempt some slick solutions.

Global Crisis: How Far to Go?

Branko Milanovic
YaleGlobal Online

The financial crisis could lead to a more self-centered America that would try to limit its external commitments and get its own house in order.

Free Trade with a Human Face

Jorge Castaneda
Project Syndicate

If the United States and Latin America can face up to the challenges of trade and immigration together, the next U.S. president may leave a weightier mark on the hemispheric relationship than any American leader in three generations.

The Difference Makers

William C. Frederick 10/02/08

Sandra Waddock's book The Difference Makers tells the stories of nearly two dozen innovators who pioneered the corporate responsibility movement over the past quarter century.

Peace Breaks Out in the Taiwan Strait

Sheridan Prasso 09/24/08

While the world's attention is focused on wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Georgia, a little-observed positive trend is taking place on the other side of the world: Peace has broken out in the Taiwan Strait.

Globalization of Language Will Muzzle the Nation-State


Improved communication and translation between people will deprive nation-states of their raison d'etre.

Oil Revenue Sharing for Iraq

Per Kurowski 09/09/08

Developing a fair system for sharing Iraqi oil revenues will ensure that no one can aspire to be the next Saddam Hussein.

Uganda's Smart Protectionism

G. Pascal Zachary
Project Syndicate

Ugandan politicians are using selective trade barriers on rice to stimulate domestic production and development.

The Digital War on Poverty

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Extreme poverty is almost synonymous with isolation, especially rural isolation. Mobile phones and wireless Internet will prove to be the most transformative economic development technologies of our time.

The Myth of the Nation-State

Devin T. Stewart
Project Syndicate

The nation-state is an anachronistic myth that has helped fuel wars and that may hinder solutions to the world's biggest problems.

One Bed, Different Dreams

James Farrer 08/28/08

The Japanese media consensus is that despite the organizational and aesthetic success of the Beijing Games, they are unlikely to produce the positive social and political benefits for China that were achieved by the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. Meanwhile, most Japanese are also skeptical whether Tokyo can muster comparable vitality for its 2016 Olympic bid.

The Perfect Storm of a Global Recession

Nouriel Roubini
Project Syndicate

The probability is growing that the global economy--not just the United States--will experience a serious recession.

Don't Cry for Doha

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

The Doha Round was constructed on a myth, namely that a negotiating agenda focused on agriculture would constitute a "development round."

Russia and Georgia: A Collision Waiting to Happen

David Speedie 08/13/08

The table was set for the current outbreak of hostilities, which were preceded by violence in July in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. But the question remains: Why now?

The New MAD World

Devin T. Stewart 08/08/08

Are we entering a new era where international noncooperation on global problems could become as lethal as warfare?

The Global Leadership Vacuum

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

The world needs global solutions for global problems, but the G8 leaders clearly aren't up to the task. A dose of basic management logic could help them establish goals, mobilize financing, and identify the scientific expertise and organizations best suited to implement solutions.

Going Green with Gravitas

John Mizzoni 07/25/08

Interface carpet has made bold moves toward sustainability. Should other businesses follow suit? John Mizzoni sketches three arguments for why businesses have a moral responsibility to the environment.

The Death of the Globalization Consensus

Dani Rodrik
Project Syndicate

The world economy has seen globalization collapse before. Are we about to witness a similar breakdown? Although economic globalization has enabled unprecedented prosperity, global markets suffer from weak governance, and therefore weak popular legitimacy.

What's Left of Confucianism?

Daniel Bell
Project Syndicate

If communism has lost its capacity to inspire the Chinese, what should replace it? Most Westerners think the answer is liberal democracy, but "Left Confucianism" provides another answer.

Glacial Climate Negotiations

Nayan Chanda 07/18/08

Politicians in the G8 seem to operate in a parallel universe compared to the earth scientists discussing climate change at the Tallberg Forum.

Football Nationalism

Ian Buruma
Project Syndicate

While still a somewhat tribal affair, soccer in today's multi-ethnic Europe is more peaceful and celebratory and less colored by past wars.

Human Rights Made Whole

Louise Arbour
Project Syndicate

The UN Human Rights Council has taken an important step toward eliminating the artificial divide between freedom from fear and freedom from want that has characterized the human rights system since its inception.

Beating the Oil Barons

Thomas Palley
Project Syndicate

The scale of the oil price spike exceeds normal demand and supply factors, pointing to the role of speculation and underscoring the need for policy action to clean up the oil market.

The Forgotten Lessons of the Marshall Plan

R. Glenn Hubbard, William Duggan

By drawing on the business focus of the original Marshall Plan, aid to Africa could ignite growth and reduce poverty.

It's Like Oil, But Different

Saul Garlick, Elizabeth Arkell
Think Impact

Water shortages could be as lethal in the twenty-first century as terrorism and the relentless exhaustion of energy reserves, but the U.S. presidential candidates have said little about this crisis.

Speaking Fairly

David Singh Grewal 06/16/08

The rise of English as a global lingua franca is one of the most striking developments of the last few decades, but the use of universal standards raises concerns about distributive justice and identity.

Seeking Asylum in the EU

Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 06/11/08

Those who question the moral significance of borders often invoke the EU as a model of post-national belonging. For asylum-seekers, "Fortress Europe" remains a more accurate description.

Civilized Talk

Project Syndicate 06/05/08

Is there a clash between civilization and cultures? Can cultural dialogues ever remedy political conflicts? It will take more than wearing ties and weekly grooming to prevent barbarism, says Tzvetan Todorov.

A New Deal for Poor Farmers

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

The time has come to reestablish public financing systems to help poor farmers access the seeds, fertilizer, and irrigation that could double their crop productivity.

Unsustainable Inequities

Tobias Harris, Douglas Turner 05/28/08

Left unchanged, the U.S.-Japan alliance will drift into irrelevance, and the United States will lose an important component of its Asia policy just as the region becomes the world's most important.

ROUNDTABLE: U.S. Trade Policy under the Next President

Sherman Katz, Susan Aaronson, Franklin Lavin, Thea Lee 05/27/08

Sherman Katz, Susan Aaronson, Franklin Lavin, and Thea Lee answer the question, How should U.S. trade policy evolve under the next president?

Market and Community Approaches to Food Crisis

Jon Templeman 05/23/08

The food crisis has tempted governments to enact export bans and pull other market levers, but helping small-scale farmers might be a better long-term target for food stability.

The Future of the Japan-U.S. Alliance

Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Project Syndicate

A wise Japan-U.S. relationship combines realism with liberalism to hedge against the uncertainty inherent in China's rise.

The Silver Lining in High Commodity Prices

Kenneth Rogoff
Project Syndicate

Instead of whining about high commodity prices, governments should shield only their very poorest citizens, and let the price spikes send a real message about scarcity in a globalizing world.

Calling for Change in Cuba


Raul Castro's decision allowing Cubans to purchase prepaid cell phone plans may foster new liberty on the communist island.

Protecting Zimbabwe

Desmond Tutu, Aryeh Neier
Project Syndicate

The African Union should send an investigative mission to Zimbabwe to determine what may be required to carry out the internationally accepted responsibility to protect.

Hu's Dumpling Diplomacy

James Farrer, Koichi Nakano 05/13/08

James Farrer interviews Japanese political scientist Koichi Nakano on the significance of Chinese President Hu Jintao's May 2008 visit to Japan.

China and Japan: From Symbolism to Politics

James Farrer

Hu Jintao's five-day visit to Japan underlines the fact that the basis for a strong Sino-Japanese relationship already exists, says James Farrer.

Can Green Trade Tariffs Combat Climate Change?

Robert Collier
Project Syndicate

A full-fledged trade war could destroy--or perhaps rescue--the chances of bringing rich and poor nations together to fight global warming.

Marrying Trade and Human Rights

Susan Aaronson 04/23/08

When human rights are violated, policymakers are pressured to do something, and they often turn to trade for leverage. Is this incentive effective?

Timeline for Irreversible Climate Change

James Hansen
YaleGlobal Online

The energy industry keeps the world hooked on fossil fuels by artificially manipulating scarcity, says James Hansen. A move toward zero emissions is necessary to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide for centuries to come.

Whither Africa's "Frontier Markets"?

Ian Bremmer
Project Syndicate

Recent growth in sub-Saharan Africa is threatened by instability in the region's pillar countries and the risk of evaporating remittances during a global slowdown.

Damming Public Opinion

Devin T. Stewart 04/04/08

China's approach to dealing with global public opinion, be it over Tibet and the Olympics or dams in Cambodia, carries risks.

Tibet's Peace of the Grave

Project Syndicate 04/02/08

China's rulers are trying to reassure the world that peace, quiet, and "harmony" have again prevailed in Tibet, but it is a graveyard peace. Merely urging the Chinese government to exercise "utmost restraint" is far too weak a response for the international community.

The Moral Vulnerability of Markets

Robert Skidelsky
Project Syndicate

While the market today has no serious challenger, it is morally vulnerable. It is dangerously dependent on economic success, so that any large-scale failure exposes its shallowness.

An Inflation Reality Check

Kenneth Rogoff
Project Syndicate

If central bankers think that today's inflation is simply the product of short-term resource scarcities as opposed to lax monetary policy, they are mistaken.

Waging Peace through Commerce

Michael Strong 03/12/08

Prosperity has the potential to strengthen democracies and enhance security, but only in a global atmosphere of nonaggression.

Oil and Turmoil

Saleem H. Ali 03/12/08

Despite oil's tortured history, it must not be summarily dismissed as a cause of turmoil in Africa.

Technological Cooperation

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

Global public-private partnerships for new technologies should be a major objective of sustainable development policy, with proven innovations transferred to poorer countries.

Global Strategies for Child Nutrition

George Kent 02/26/08

So long as we treat ending child malnutrition only as a series of national problems, the effort is doomed to failure. There must be a strong global strategy that complements national initiatives.

Genuine Power Sharing

Seth Kaplan 02/26/08

In states such as Kenya with a tenuous concept of nationhood, institutions need to distribute resources equitably if they are to foster stability and growth.

Trouble with Tuna


Today's globalization may be causing more stress to our planet than we realize, and the food industry is just one example. When it comes to mercury in fish, it's not whether to eat tuna but what we've done to the tuna that should be debated.

Holding Charities Accountable

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

By giving charities an incentive to become more transparent, GiveWell could make the $200 billion donated by U.S. individuals each year do much more good than ever before.

Hypocrisy on the High Seas?

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

Whales are social mammals with big brains, capable of enjoying life and of feeling pain. When it comes to hunting them, everyone's ethics get knocked about in the stiff Pacific winds.

The Melting Pot, the Salad Bowl, and the Confucian Ideal

James Farrer 01/31/08

Many have argued we are entering a multipolar world. Yet, this competition will not simply take place in terms of varying approaches to foreign policy but also as a result of internal policies toward minorities.

Latin America Banks on Independence

Mark Engler 01/31/08

The new Latin American Bank of the South aims to promote cooperative development policies more sensitive to the needs of the poor. Can its declaration of independence and unity hang together where internal disputes have previously thwarted regional dreams?

Welfare for Wall Street

Thomas Palley 01/28/08

The Federal Reserve is right to play the interest rate card aggressively given the economy-wide costs of a financial meltdown. But let's not fool ourselves. The Fed is bailing out Wall Street.

Bad Spell on Wall Street

David Dapice 01/24/08

Like the sorcerer's apprentice, the U.S. financial system has created things it does not understand and cannot easily control.

India's Bollywood Power

Shashi Tharoor
Project Syndicate

The world has heard much about India's extraordinary transformation in recent years, but in terms of soft power, India's strength may be understated.

In the Trenches for Clean Water

Saul Garlick
Think Impact

Water is poised to be the most baffling challenge of the 21st century. A Kenyan women's group is digging trenches to show how leadership and partnership can deliver fresh, local solutions.

The Globalization of Ethics

Hans Küng
Project Syndicate

Many Europeans doubt that Asia can catch up in terms of regional integration. But Asia has a well developed set of moral principles, some of which were established long before similar principles spread in Europe. These principles can serve as part of an emerging common global ethic.

Can "Responsible Stakeholder" Hold?

Joshua Eisenman, Devin T. Stewart 12/12/07

Two years ago, Robert Zoellick gave a celebrated speech that urged China to become a "responsible stakeholder" in the international system. This comment has come to reflect the predominant view in U.S. foreign policy circles, but it faces scrutiny among American and Chinese policymakers alike.

Market Crash May Burst Chinese Bubble Mentality

Sheridan Prasso 12/07/07

As the world should have learned from the Enron scandal in the United States, audited returns and sky-high share prices do not good companies make. What matters is corporate governance. In that arena, Chinese companies continue to lag behind international standards.

Trade Policy for Humanity

Susan Aaronson, Devin T. Stewart 12/04/07

Trade has become increasingly contentious as publics in many countries blame the movement of goods across borders for the effects on human rights associated with the advance of globalization in general. Devin Stewart talks with Susan Aaronson about her new book, Trade Imbalance: The Struggle to Weigh Human Rights Concerns in Trade Policymaking, coauthored with Jamie Zimmerman.

Will China "Lose" the 2008 Olympics?

Ian Bremmer
Project Syndicate

China has changed since it "won" the 2008 Summer Olympic Games seven years ago. The Chinese Communist Party hoped to use the Games to showcase the country's emergence as a dynamic, modern nation. But as China's leaders begin final preparations for next August, they may be wondering if hosting the event was such a good idea after all.

Unions Improve Jobs at the Bottom

Shawn Fremstad, John Schmitt
Center for Economic and Policy Research, Inclusion: Independent, Progressive, New

One in three American jobs is low-wage work that often doesn't pay enough to make ends meet. Unionization substantially improves pay and benefits in these occupations, and it also promotes social inclusion -- the ability for workers to participate fully in the life of their communities.

Tapping Partnerships for Drinkable Water

Ann Roberts 11/28/07

About 1.2 billion people live without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation, a number that will certainly grow without continued pressure for innovative solutions. Cross-sector partnerships and local projects are leading the way.

Helping the Laggards Join the Race

Christine Bader
Ethical Corporation

What should be done to encourage companies that have made little progress so far on corporate responsibility? Christine Bader looks at the different types of laggards, the forces that can influence them, and the different players that can help.

Salvaging Peace with Syria

Saleem H. Ali, Michael Cohen 11/20/07

The geography, demographics, and environment of the Golan Heights make it suitable for environmental peace-building. Putting it on the agenda at the upcoming Middle East peace talks in Annapolis may help bring Syria to the table.

A Blueprint for Today's Sustainability

John Lash 10/31/07

Today's sustainability builds CSR and environmental awareness on brand value and the bottom line. But what are companies actually doing to achieve this? The good news is that sustainability initiatives follow a common blueprint across industries.

Searching for the Ethical Blogger

Devin T. Stewart, Matthew Hennessey 10/29/07

Blogs have evolved into a powerful sociopolitical force capable of shaping opinion, breaking news, and giving a voice to the voiceless. But with great chatter comes great responsibility. Should an explicit code of conduct govern the blogosphere?

ROUNDTABLE: Future of U.S. Trade Policy

Susan Aaronson, Kevin Gallagher, Daniel W. Drezner 10/23/07

With Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton calling for a "timeout" on future free trade agreements and support for free trade waning among Republicans, Policy Innovations asked three trade experts what they see for the future of U.S. trade policy.

The Impulse to Truck and Trade

Nayan Chanda, Devin T. Stewart
YaleGlobal Online

Devin Stewart interviews YaleGlobal Online editor Nayan Chanda about his new book, Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalization.

The Enclave Effect

Kevin Gallagher 10/12/07

New research suggests that signing a trade agreement with the United States may not bring the desired investment, and if investment comes it may not translate into economic growth.

Agrofuels Favor Business over Farmers

Laura Carlsen 09/14/07

In the absence of a greater scientific consensus and effective legislation to protect farmers, workers, consumers, the environment, and the food supply, full-steam-ahead plans for agrofuel development cannot be justified.

Democracy as Economic Strategy

Masahiro Matsumura 09/07/07

Democracy is a crucial element of economic development that India enjoys, and China's stability will not be sustainable in the long term without it.

CSR's Impact on Brands Grows

Carol Holding 08/23/07

The U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board issued standards this year for reporting how much brands and other intangibles are worth. The problem is that until now no one has been able to measure the impact corporate social responsibility has on brands.

The Tale of Sushi in the Global Economy

Sasha Issenberg, Devin T. Stewart 08/20/07

Devin Stewart talks with writer Sasha Issenberg about the culture, ethics, and evolution of sushi as a globalized commodity.

America's Day of Reckoning

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

The pessimists who forecast that America's economy was in for trouble finally seem to be coming into their own. Of course, there is no glee in seeing stock prices tumble as a result of mortgage defaults. But it was largely predictable, as are the likely consequences for the global economy.

Negotiating a New Social Contract

Grant Aldonas 08/13/07

Devin Stewart interviews Grant Aldonas, former Bush Administration Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade, on his recent study on the policy response to globalization. The study, "Succeeding in the Global Economy," focuses on how government policies can help American workers.

No Development, No Peace

Jeffrey Sachs
Project Syndicate

When a war erupts, as in Darfur, policymakers look for a political explanation and a political solution. This is understandable, but it misses a basic point. By understanding the role of geography, climate, and population growth in the conflict, we can find more realistic solutions.

China's Primal Scream

Andrew Field, Devin T. Stewart 07/26/07

Devin Stewart interviews blogger, filmmaker, and scholar Andrew Field on the globalization of music in China and what it's like to document the living history of a country that censors the Internet.

The Age of Extinction

Project Syndicate 07/24/07

Amid all the talk of economic growth and exchange rates at the G8 summit this year, a new statistic appeared on the agenda of the world's richest countries: extinction rates. Philippe Cousteau and Philip E. Clapp propose a global conservation reserve system to protect biodiversity.

Corruption Ebbs in Africa

Laurance Allen, Devin T. Stewart
Value News Network

The World Bank reports that corruption is on the wane in Africa. Devin Stewart interviews Nairobi-born publisher Laurance Allen about the progress he has seen in Africa over several decades.

Rules for Globalization's Unruliness

Anthony F. Lang, Jr. 07/16/07

Globalization provides a unique opportunity to rethink the rules of the international system. One way to combine the need for rules with the need for flexibility is the idea of constitutionalism. A constitution creates a rule-bound system, one that can be written as in the United States or unwritten as in Britain.

Beyond the Death Penalty Debate

Project Syndicate 07/10/07

China's decision to execute the head of its drug regulatory agency has rekindled international debate on capital punishment. The question usually boils down to conflicting ethical and utilitarian views. But, whether or not you oppose the death penalty, two lessons can be drawn.

Chinese Sexual Culture

James Farrer, Devin T. Stewart 07/02/07

Devin Stewart interviews sociologist James Farrer about a recent conference in Beijing on sexuality and implications for human rights and civil society in China.

A Fair Deal on Climate Change

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

The wealthiest countries made meager progress on climate change at the recent G8 meeting, and large developing countries with lower per capita emissions refuse to accept mandatory restrictions, citing the West's historic responsibility. Ethical philosopher Peter Singer lays out a proposal to solve this dilemma.

No Smile Limit

Peter Singer
Project Syndicate

Smiling is a universal human practice, although readiness to smile at strangers varies according to culture. In Australia, the city of Port Phillip has been using volunteers to find out how often people smile at those who pass them in the street.

The Man Who Could Right the Trade-Development Imbalance

Susan Aaronson 06/14/07

Few development advocates perceive Robert Zoellick as a man committed to making trade fairer for the world's poor. But he has long tried to realign U.S. trade policies to meet development objectives. This history suggests he will manage the World Bank to facilitate greater coherence.

The Return of "Asian" Values

Harold James
Project Syndicate

Harold James critiques The Dignity of a State by Japanese mathematician and essayist Masahiko Fujiwara, a provocative book that has reignited the debate about whether there are specifically "Asian" values. Fujiwara argues that liberal democracy is a Western invention that does not fit well with the Japanese or Asian character.

Prizes, Not Patents

Joseph Stiglitz
Project Syndicate

Drug companies spend far more money on advertising and marketing than they do on research, and almost no money on diseases that afflict hundreds of millions of poor people. There is an alternative way to finance and incentivize research that could do a far better job than patents: a medical prize fund that would reward those who discover cures and vaccines.

Successful Globalization Needed in Arab World

Marcus Noland, Howard Pack 05/23/07

The Arab world faces the immense challenge of creating jobs for its large cohort of young people who are reaching working age. Over the next decade or so, the region may experience population growth of 150 million people—the equivalent of adding two Egypts. Such rapid labor force growth has contributed to despair among young people regarding their job prospects, and, by extension, concerns about political stability.

Globalization Lock-in

Thomas Palley 05/16/07

Economies can get locked in to using inefficient technologies, such as narrow gauge railroads. Thomas Palley applies this metaphor to the rules that govern globalization, arguing for a "broad gauge" system of trade agreements that include proper labor rights, environmental standards, and exchange rate provisions.

Estados Unidos Debe Redefinir el Comercio Justo

Devin T. Stewart 04/26/07

Devin Stewart establece un esquema que reconcilia la libertad y la justicia para crear una politica comercial mas etica. En el ejercicio de alcanzar el justo medio entre el proteccionismo y el libre mercado fundamentalista es util hacer tres preguntas: Es legitimo el intercambio de bienes? Comparten valores y se benefician equitativamente las partes en el intercambio? Cuales son las consecuencias?

Free Trade Means Empty Oceans

Daniel Mittler

Rather than force poor nations to accept further liberalization of fisheries, rich countries must establish new rules for sustainable and equitable management of the oceans. Unregulated free trade in this sector threatens marine life, food security, and developing world income.

Ruggie Report Says Voluntary Human Rights Initiatives Set Stage for Binding Global Standards

Bill Baue 04/10/07

Harvard Professor John Ruggie recently released his report as Special Representative to the Secretary-General on business and human rights. Despite finding problems with voluntary initiatives, he sees them pushing society toward new practices, such as Human Rights Impact Assessments.

Greening U.S. Trade

Kevin Gallagher 04/09/07

U.S. President Bush is trying to pass trade bills with Panama, Peru, Colombia, and South Korea. Unfortunately, these treaties fall far short of a Congressional mandate stating that U.S. trade bills must have significant environmental provisions. The new agreements backpedal on effective environmental cooperation and funding precedents that were set under NAFTA.

United States Obligated to Promote Labor Rights

Susan Aaronson 04/03/07

The United States has been a strong advocate of linking trade agreements and worker rights since the 19th century. But the United States will not be a credible advocate of labor rights unless it consistently applies international labor rights standards abroad as well as at home.

Why "Fair Trade" Could Backfire for the United States

David Dapice
YaleGlobal Online

As manufacturing jobs slip away from the United States, Congress is tempted to apply protectionist measures. But restriction of trade could backfire and chase more skilled jobs abroad. Unbalanced budgets, a low savings rate, and soaring health costs are the true culprit.

Want to Expand the Middle Class? Improve Low-Wage Jobs

Shawn Fremstad, Margy Waller
Inclusion: Independent, Progressive, New

Progressives aren't alone in worrying about the widening income gap these days. Even Federal Reserve Chief Ben Bernanke expresses concern. Much of the focus has been on the massive increase in compensation for jobs at the very top of the income distribution. The flip side of this story—the growth of the low-wage labor market and the deteriorating conditions of those jobs—often gets less attention.

Who Should Foot the Bill on Climate Change?

Scott Barrett
YaleGlobal Online

While the historic responsibility for the current state of atmospheric greenhouse gases lies with the now-developed countries, the fastest growing emitters are currently in the developing world. Scott Barrett, director of the International Policy Program at Johns Hopkins University, argues that it is in everyone's interest to pursue the most efficient policy rather than the apparently populist one. Investments in environmentally friendly technologies in the developing world will bring much larger payoffs, he says.

Oprah's Academy Gets A+

Saul Garlick
Think Impact

Good leadership makes all the difference. So why are people complaining about Oprah's new school in South Africa, a leadership academy for girls? The Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls is lavish and fancy, and cost Oprah about $40 million to build. It has 26 buildings, computer resources, yoga rooms, and more. Many people have raised their eyebrows at the expense and relative size of enrollment. Her school will ultimately serve a mere 450 students. At the moment, it only has 152. Because my organization, the Student Movement for Real Change, also builds schools in South Africa, I have been asked many times about my position on the matter. Is her school too much for too few?

Ruggie Tells States to Mind Their Businesses

Susan Aaronson 03/05/07

Susan Aaronson outlines the tricky territory of states, corporations, and NGOs that John Ruggie navigated while preparing a United Nations report on human rights and business. Equitably, the report is slated to have "something to displease everyone." While businesses can do more to ensure that they don't undermine human rights, in the end it is governments that have the primary responsibility to promote, protect, and respect those rights.

Central versus Local

Timothy Savage 02/21/07

More than any other countries on Earth, China and the United States hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.

China, the Unlikely Human Rights Champion

Stephanie T. Kleine-Ahlbrandt, Andrew Small 02/14/07

The most recent phase of China's foreign policy transformation has been building for several months. It has its roots in two sources: the country's growing sensitivity to opprobrium over its international behavior, and an increasingly sharp reassessment of its political interests, which are looking more like those of a great power rather than a developing country struggling to protect its sovereignty.

Fairness as Antidote to Religious Fundamentalism

Ali Dini 02/12/07

National development strategies are insufficient for overcoming the problems in poor countries. Cooperation at the regional and world level is needed to solve the problems that originate from weak world governance. Moreover, establishing a fair and democratic world is a solution to religious fundamentalism in the Middle East.

Rush, Rush, Rush

David Rosnick
Center for Economic and Policy Research

To save time, we eat poorly, sleep less, and exercise little, making us less healthy in the long run and requiring us to spend more on health care. Directly or indirectly, saving more time means spending more money, and spending more money means more time making it. It’s a vicious cycle, and how it all plays out varies from society to society. Indeed, far from devastating the U.S. economy, Kyoto could be met simply by taking vacations, choosing leisure over labor.

Open Labor Markets Are Right Signal for Europe


Germany should not impose labor market restrictions on new European Union members Bulgaria and Romania, argues Christian Drenth. In previous waves of EU expansion the countries that maintained open labor policies fared better in terms of growth and employment. Given its physical and economic centrality on the new European Union map, Germany has a responsibility to lead the way with fair and prosperous policies.

What Is a Social Entrepreneur?

Philip E. Auerswald, Iqbal Z. Quadir
Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization

What is a social entrepreneur? Anyone who takes it upon themselves to organize a solution to a social challenge, say Philip Auerswald and Iqbal Quadir in a recent letter to the editor of the Financial Times. They believe that the growing community of such people represents a new distribution in the power to create change -- a power you're less likely to find at Davos.

United States Must Redefine "Fair Trade"

Devin T. Stewart 01/29/07

Devin Stewart sketches a framework for reconciling freedom and fairness to create an overall more ethical trade policy. To reach the golden mean between protectionism and free market fundamentalism, three questions are useful: Are the goods legitimately tradable? Do trading partners share values and benefit equitably? What are the consequences? Stewart argues that it is in the enlightened self-interest of the United States, as the greatest beneficiary of globalization, to foster freedom and fairness not only at home but also in the global economy.

Yes, Virginia, there is a Corporate Social Responsibility

William C. Frederick 01/18/07

The essential is invisible. Bill Frederick says critics of corporate social responsibility (CSR) miss this point when they focus only on the means and shortcomings of CSR initiatives. Riffing on the famous 1897 Sun editorial "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus," Frederick argues that the larger purpose of CSR advocacy is being achieved. CSR has injected a new awareness of social values into business decisions, operations, policy, and strategy.

Ethics Be Dammed? China's Water Projects

Madeleine Lynn 01/12/07

Advocates of dams point out their potential benefits: protection from floods, clean and safe electricity (as opposed to coal or nuclear power plants), and reservoirs that provide water for drinking and irrigation. But are the benefits worth the social, environmental, and economic costs? The Chinese are going full speed ahead with a spate of giant dams, both at home and abroad. These projects will displace millions of people, adversely affect wildlife, drown historical sites in some cases, and permanently alter and damage the environment.

Public Interest Demands Hedge Fund Rules

Randall Dodd
Financial Policy Forum and Derivatives Study Center

Hedge funds are more numerous, have more capital, manage more assets and derivatives, operate at higher levels of leverage and play critical roles in many major financial markets. We regulate them as if they were so many child-operated lemonade stands, but in fact they are playing an economic role more like McDonald's.

Labor Rights Not Optional

Susan Aaronson 01/05/07

About 230 years ago, King George III taught the American colonists an important lesson: Because taxation without representation is tyranny, the public must have a voice in the making of trade policy. The new U.S. Congress should keep that lesson in mind as it attempts to devise trade strategies to promote labor rights and other human rights overseas. In the 21st century, policymakers should not limit the concerned public to those individuals living within U.S. borders.

The China Factor in African Ethics

David Shinn 12/21/06

Westerners look at the China-Africa relationship through the optic of Western ethical and human rights values. Many Africans do not share these values in precisely the same way and, therefore, evaluate relations with China differently. If the West fails to take these different perceptions into account, it will never deal effectively with the challenges posed by China in Africa.

The Cycle of AIDS and Hunger in Africa

Stuart Gillespie
International Food Policy Research Institute

As the impact of the AIDS hyper-epidemics in southern Africa continues to grow, we are witnessing the development of dangerous interactions that threaten the trajectory of national social and economic development. Recognition of the multidimensional aspects of the AIDS crisis has been a slow dawn.

In Coherence Lies Opportunity

Susan Aaronson 11/30/06

Some might argue that, in the absence of trade talks, coherence between human rights, development, and trade is unattainable. Many newly elected Congresspeople are concerned about the impact of trade liberalization on their local economies. As a result, they are often portrayed as protectionists. But growing numbers of these leaders also recognize that protectionism is at best a stopgap measure: It cannot help local officials attract job-creating investment. A coordinated policy approach is in the interest of citizens of the developing world, as well as taxpayers in the industrialized world.

Slavery Goes Global

Ethan Kapstein 11/16/06

The history books tell us that slavery was abolished once and for all during the 19th century. Unfortunately, that is far from the truth. Slavery is back with a vengeance, and it’s gone global.

A Green Revolution for Africa

Gawain Kripke 11/09/06

Some leaders are calling for an African “green revolution” modeled on the leaps in agricultural productivity accomplished in many Asian countries through the 1960s. This attention is very encouraging. The evidence suggests investments in agriculture are the best way to reduce poverty and develop African economies. After all, most Africans rely on farming as a livelihood, and poverty in Africa is concentrated among rural populations. Nevertheless, some caution is warranted.

Reversing Babel

Nikolas K. Gvosdev 10/13/06

Nikolas K. Gvosdev, editor of The National Interest, discusses the emergence of English as globalization’s lingua franca and the moral implications of greater ease of communication across traditional political boundaries.

Globalization and IT: Setting the Record Straight

Thomas Palley 10/12/06

"The debate over globalization is not about the benefits of IT, and opposition to globalization does not mean opposition to technology. Instead, the debate is about the character of globalization—the absence of labor standards, the absence of rules for exchange rates, the implications of outsourcing for workers, and changed power relations that enable corporations to set economic policy and collar productivity gains for their top management and owners."

Made in China: Wal-Mart Unions

YaleGlobal Online 10/12/06

By Anita Chan. Reprinted with permission from YaleGlobal Online: Global labor leaders had long considered China’s unions as an arm of the government and not worthy of much respect. But that was before All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) took on Wal-Mart managers in China and quickly set up union branches at more than 20 stores.

The J Curve: A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall

Devin T. Stewart 09/07/06

National trade deficits usually get worse before they get better. This pattern resembles a "J" on graphs and so economists call it the J curve. Ian Bremmer noticed that countries also follow a J curve. In this case, the curve describes the relationship between a country's openness and its stability, which is detailed in Bremmer's new book.

Valuing and Validating Nonpaid Work

Liem Giok In 08/18/06

If people, instead of raw growth, were the focus of our economic thinking, then nonmarket activities would assume their proper value in our understanding of the economy.

Human Rights Must Be a Consideration for Economic Development Organizations

Alfredo Sfeir-Younis 06/29/06

It is often argued that organizations that deal with economic development should avoid human rights issues because the two topics are distinct. This argument holds true only if people see human rights as strictly legal obligations. A deeper analysis shows that human rights are highly correlated with economic development and are often precursors for it.

The Urgency of Building Alternative Development Strategies

Norman Girvan 08/02/05

The Caribbean, along with the rest of the developing world, needs space for experimentation and for learning from the shared experiences of development policymaking.

Debt and Trade: Time to Make the Connections

Aldo Caliari
International Jesuit Network for Development, Center of Concern

Debt reduction, or even cancellation, cannot have lasting benefits unless structural features of developing-country trade are also addressed.

Is the G8 Dealing Justly with Debt?

Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 07/08/05

By Lydia Tomitova. The offer by the finance ministers of the G8 to cancel the debts of some of the world's poorest countries is a welcome step forward in addressing the global debt problem. Yet, referring to it as 100 percent debt cancellation is misleading since the deal, despite its promise to cancel significant amounts, is far from a comprehensive solution.

View recent Commentary

Site Search

Global Research Engine

This search includes our Core Network partners.

Join Our Mailing Lists

The Journal