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Transition to the Market and Poverty Alleviation Strategies: Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania

June 21, 1997

By Irena Topiñska, University of Warsaw, Department of Economics.

From the Intro: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the newly emerging patterns of poverty and poverty alleviation policies in four countries undergoing transition to market economy: Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. All four countries started to restructure their political and economic systems from 'communism to democracy' or from 'plan to market' in the beginning of the 1990s. This study will focus on this transitional period, with only limited reference to the past. Poland and Hungary will often be contrasted with the two Balkan countries so as to gain better insight into their strategies. Yet even given their differences, all four are very similar to each other, especially if compared with the countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU) in transition. The analysis of poverty, and of anti-poverty measures, will be conducted against the background of a more general overview of transition patterns in the four countries.

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Read More: Poverty, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Europe

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