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Labor Market Participation Decisions of Married Women: Evidence from Turkey

By Burca Kizilirmak | September 1, 2005


This paper examines the determinants of wives’ labor force participation in Turkey. In particular the effect of husband’s labor market status on the wife’s labor market behavior is investigated. Both a multinominal logit and mixed logit models of labor participation of married women is estimated using data from the 2003 Household Budget Survey. Evidence is found of the “added worker effect”, in the sense that wives decide to participate in order to compensate for the loss of income due to husbands’ unemployment. It is also found that wives with unemployed husbands tend to get permanent wage employment rather than temporary wage employment or self employment. However this “added worker effect” vanishes and “discouraged worker effect” dominates as the extent of the crises increases. Additional findings of the study are that fertility reduce and education increase permanent employment possibilities of women.

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Read More: Development, Gender, Governance, Jobs, Turkey, Middle East

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