The Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction: Initial Findings of the UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Programme
UNDP Bureau for Development Policy Discussion Paper, August 2003.
The UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Programme on the Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction currently covers nine countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Vietnam). In its first stage, it is producing policy-oriented research on the impact on poverty of macroeconomic policies (fiscal, monetary and exchange-rate policies) and adjustment policies (financial liberalization, trade liberalization, and privatisation/de-regulation). In evaluating this impact, the research also identifies complementary policies that can enhance the impact on poverty of macroeconomic and adjustment policies. This paper reviews two complementary sectoral policies, namely, agricultural development and employment generation, which figured prominently in many of the studies. The research also investigates whether a country is able to mobilize the domestic resources (for example, through savings, taxation or borrowing) to finance a high rate of public and private investment for accelerated economic growth. This paper presents some initial findings from the drafts of eight case studies (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Vietnam). Before the end of 2003, a final synthesis report will be produced and the case studies will be submitted for professional publication.
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