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Energy in a Changing World

December 1, 2005

Netherlands Institute of International Relations

Clingendael Energy Papers No. 11, Clingendael International Energy Programme


"Weak globalisation makes national interests the yardstick of international conduct, instead of a hegemon's interests," says Coby van der Linde in his analysis of changing global energy markets and their effects on U.S. and European strategy. 'Weak globalisation' is what autocratic, energy-producing regimes like Russia and Venezuela are opting for as their bargaining power increases in sync with increasing global demand for oil and gas—it means participation in the international economy without the sacrifice of "long-term political, strategic, and economic national interests." The prediction is that other energy-rich autocratic regimes will copy this model, especially those in the Middle East and North Africa that have succeeded in both generating economic growth and repressing political and human rights. With such rising economic power these regimes make the leap from 'more-following' to 'more-setting' nations.

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