Ethanol and the Environment
The Political Economy of the Cost and Benefit Analysis
By Luiz Niemeyer | October 1, 2008The objective of this article is to evaluate the environmental impact of ethanol production in Brazil—an example of conventional cost-and-benefit analysis that disregards important environmental considerations. Impacts on water, air, and food production have been and continue to be overlooked. When major environmental aspects are taken into consideration, it casts doubt on the social viability of ethanol as a substitute for gasoline in Brazil.
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