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From Canopy to Currency

State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2011

Forest Trends | November 7, 2011

CREDIT: Neil Palmer/CIAT (CC).

Policymakers are in the midst of developing funding for forest conservation at an unprecedented scale. A number of innovative solutions have evolved to both overcome many of the earlier hurdles facing market-based forest conservation efforts and attract private sector investment, but the scope of these markets is still relatively small in the face of global forest loss and a changing climate.

The fate of these markets and projects will in large part rest in the hands of policymakers. 2010 was undoubtedly a critical year in the history of the forest carbon markets, but the most consequential chapters in this story still remain to be written.

This second annual State of the Forest Carbon Markets tracks, reports, and analyzes trends in global transactions of emissions reductions generated from forest carbon projects. The data and analysis that follow cover forest carbon activity in compliance carbon markets as well as voluntary carbon markets—such as the voluntary Over-the-Counter (OTC) market and the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX). The report finds that growing from already record-breaking years in 2008 and 2009, respondents reported a total of 30.1 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) contracted across the primary and secondary markets in 2010. The estimated total value of transactions in 2010 was $178 million.

The historical scale of the forest carbon markets climbed to 75 MtCO2e, valued at an estimated $432 million with projects impacting more than 7.9 million hectares in 49 countries from every region of the world. The average price for offsets across the primary forest carbon markets rose from $3.8/tCO2e in 2008, to $4.5/tCO2e in 2009, and up to $5.5/tCO2e in 2010. The 2010 surge in the forest carbon market was fueled to a great extent by contracting from large Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects which supplied 19.5 MtCO2e out of the total 29.0 MtCO2e contracted in the primary market.

External Link: From Canopy to Currency: State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2011

Read More: Agriculture, Aid, Business, Conservation, Development, Economy, Energy, Environment, Finance, Science, Sustainability, Brazil, Peru, Americas

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